Book Review [In Korean]: Shanghai Gone by Qin Shao

This is the fifth monthly contribution to the Korean daily newspaper, The KyungHyang Shinmun. I have chosen by Qin Shao, Professor of History at The College of New Jersey. There is an excerpt of the book in English, which can be viewed on the Asia Society web site on this link.

The book discusses the life and struggle of Shanghai’s displacees whose life courses have abruptly changed by the city-wide redevelopment projects. Facing the almighty power of the state, developers, media and so on, displacees are transformed from ordinary residents to an occupational petitioners, a barrack-room lawyer or a community leader. The rights discourse spelled out by these people also provides a fascinating insight for our understanding on how the interaction between reform measures (economic, political and legal) and people’s response to these have reshaped their rights awareness and views on social justice.

The contents of this book resonate with my own research on residents’ displacement and redevelopment in Seoul (Nangok neighbourhood, 난곡) in South Korea (see my papers from Geoforum and Environment and Urbanization) as well as in Beijing and Guangzhou in China (in particular, my papers from Antipode and Urban Studies).


2013년 6월 22? 지면 게재 예정 [해외 책] 서? 송고 ?고:

(게재? ?고 바로보기)

?하?, 사?지다 (Shanghai Gone: Domicide and Defiance in a Chinese Megacity), 친 샤오

ShanghaiGone-QinShao?하? 정부 통계를 근거로 유추해보면 2003년부터 2010년까지 48 가구대략 150만명 가까운 시민? 철거?주 대??었? 것으로 파악?다. 2003 기준 ?하? ? 가구수가 486만?었으니, 8 ?안     집꼴로 ?종 개발사업으로 ?해 철거?주? 셈?다?러한 통계?는 ?민공??고? 불리우는 ?주노??가 제외?니 실제 철거?주? ?시민 규모는 훨씬 ? ? 것?다중국? 20세기초 ?시화 과정? 연구하? ?양사학?  샤오가 2013 발표한 저작 <?하?사?지다> 최근 10년? ?어난 ?하?? ?시개발로 ?해 집과 ??? 파괴? 보통 사람들? 고난과 투? 역사를 담고 있다.

중국 사회주? 정부하?서 재개발? 애초 주거환경개선??는 복지? 성격? 강하였다. ?러한 성격? 근본?으로 변한 것? 1990년대 집중? 주? ?품화, 토지 ?품화 정책? 기?한다. 국가소유? 토지? 사용권? 시장 거래 대?? ?고, 그 ?매 수?? 지방정부 예산외 재?으로 편입?면서 지방정부가 토지개발? ? ?해관계를 갖는다. 여기? 급?히 팽창한 주?시장? 몰린 투?사, 건설사 등과 공통? ?해관계를 토대로 협력? 관계를 맺? 것?다. ?로? ?시재개발? ? ?? 복지?기보다는 ?윤추구를 위한 수?사업? ? 것?다. 

친 샤오는 ?시재개발? ?시민 거주지? ??? 파괴(Domicide)로 귀결한다고 ?해한다. 10년 가까운 기간 ?안 수행한 현지 연구 결과를 집약한 <?하?, 사?지다>는 중국 ?시민? 삶과 운명, 투?? 여러 주민? ??사를 통해 풀어낸다. 개별 가구가 투? 과정?서 정부 관료나 철거회사, 건설사 등으로부터 겪? 수모, 냉대가 ??히 그려지고, 청?? 하고 시위를 하는 과정?서 ?수한 ?종 고초와 ?내가 ??히 묘사?고 있다. 저항? 통해 ?범한 유치? 선?님? 고압? 정부기관? ? ?? ?려워 않는 ‘?업? 청??’가 ?기? 하며, ?범하? 주민들? 문화?명 당시 슬로건? 역으로 ?용하여 권리주장? 펴고 국제정세? 고려하며 비슷한 처지? 피해?들?게 법률 ?문? 하는 전략? 활?가로 바뀌기? 한다.

? 책? ?한 ?시 개발로 ?한 집? 파괴가 주민?게 물리? 악?향? ?칠 ?만 아니? ?주? 따른 경제?, 사회? 충격 역시 제공한다는 ?? 강조한다. 특히 오랜 세월 정들었? 집? 없어지고 마?? 사?지고 ?시? 외관? 탈바꿈하는 과정?서 개?, 가정, ?시? 과거, 기억 역시 지워지는 집단? 기억?실? ? 문제?으로 지?한다. 강제?주 과정?서 기본권리가 짓밟히고 ?를 회복하지 못한 철거민?? ? 모든 것? ?통함으로 가슴 깊숙히 남는다는 ? 역시 강조한다.

친 샤오가 ?들 철거민? ?? 얘기, 투? 기? 등? 통해 ?하고? 하는 것? 무엇?까? <?하?, 사?지다>는 단지 철거민? 권리가 ?시 발전 과정?서 어떻게 침해 당했는지를 전달하는 피해 보고서? 그치는 것? 아니? ?들 철거민? ?신들? 존엄성? 지키고 사회경제? 정?를 실현하기 위해 얼마나 노력하는지를 ?하고? 한다. 중국? 개?개방정책 실시 ?후, 권리 ??? 어떻게 변하는지, 소유권 개?과 같? 법?? 변화가 역사?으로 형성? 개?? 권리 ??과 어떻게 ?호작용하는지 등? 보여준다. 그리고 ?러한 ?반 주민? 투?? 쌓?고 확산하면서 중국? 좀 ? 개방? 사회로 ?행하고 있고 ? 개방? 수 있?? 주장한다. 결국 ?시 주민? 살? 주?? 파괴? ?시정책으로 없어지고, 관료? 부패 등? ?시민?게 비통함? 안기었지만, ??허 ??서 피어오른 것? 사회경제? 정? ? ?간으로서? 존엄성? 위한 투??며 ?러한 투?? 통해 주민들 역시 변화함? 얘기하고? 한 것?다.

친 샤오가 주민? 관??서 풀어내는 지난 10년 ?하? 철거 재개발 역사는 한국 ?시?게? ?숙한 역사?다. 중국?서 강제 철거? 저항하는 주민? 모습? 우리? 과거?? 현재?기? 하다. 한국 역시 멀지않? 과거 1980년대 ? 유엔?간정주계?(UN-HABITAT)? 선정한 ‘세계?서 가장 ?압?? 철거를 ?행하는 국가’? 남아프리카공화국과 함께 선정? 불미스런 기?? 갖고 있? 정?로 철거? 기억? 아픔? 기억?다. 하지만, 그 아픔과 ?실? 역사는 투?? 역사임? 한국 철거민 투?사가 ?명한다. ‘?개? 문’ 다??멘터리가 그려낸 용산재개발 참사?서 나타나듯? ?러한 아픔과 투?? 역사는 한국?서? 여전히 현재 진행형?며, 그런 ?미?서 철거민 가정과 ??? 파괴, 그리고 그들? 저항과 권리??? 발전? 담담히 기?해 간 친 샤오? 노력? 한국 지???게? 많? 시사?? ?져준다.

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