Back in 2008, I had a paper published in the journal, Environment and Urbanization. It discusses the effectiveness of public rental housing provision as compensation measures for tenants in substandard neighbourhoods which become subject to wholesale demolition and redevelopment. I argue in the paper that while the provision of public rental housing provision is a step forward for addressing housing problems of the urban poor, it cannot be all-encompassing solution, and that compensation needs to take into account the diverse socio-economic circumstances (including tenure preferences) of the urban poor.
Not too long after its publication, I had a chance to come across with a colleague who at the time was based in China, working on a number of urbanisation-related research projects. He thought the paper was useful for Chinese audience too and kindly arranged its translation into Chinese to be subsequently posted on a Chinese web site on urban governance. I post the Chinese version of the paper in this post. I express sincere thanks to the colleague who at the time was based in China. (My understanding was that he preferred to remain anonymous at the time, and I will contact him if he’s happy to be named here)
On a separate note, I notice that the Chinese web site has gone through some changes during the last few years. I still find the Chinese version of my paper on the web site (click here to view), but it does not mention my name as the author of the original paper. As there is no contact detail on the web site, I am not sure how to go about asking for corrections. Any tips and help in this matter would be much appreciated.
Original English version
Shin, H.B. (2008) Living on the edge: financing post-displacement housing in urban redevelopment projects in Seoul. Environment and Urbanization Vol.20 No.2, pp.411-426. View on the journal site
ABSTRACT: This paper examines the displacement experiences of urban poor tenants in Seoul, South Korea, and the constraints on their financing of post-displacement housing. Since the mid-1980s, urban renewal of slums and dilapidated neighbourhoods in Seoul has been geared towards clearance and wholesale redevelopment. This approach is accompanied by legalization of land tenure for dwelling owners without de jure property rights, and is based on profit-led partnerships between property owners (both on-site dwelling owners and absentee landlords) and developers. Since the end of the 1980s, tenants have been given the option, if eligible, of in-kind compensation (access to a public rental flat) or cash compensation. Neither choice, however, reflects the needs of poor tenants who still find it difficult to finance inevitably increased housing expenditures. Policy measures are necessary to increase the range of options available to tenants upon displacement.
Translated version in Chinese
(for citation, please use the original bibliography details in English found above)
Article title in Chinese: 生活在边缘:住房融资后的首尔城市重建项目
(click here to download the paper: Shin-2008-EnvironmentAndUrbanization-2012092020224654-ChineseTranslation)
Article abstract in Chinese:
本文审视了韩国首尔城市贫民住户的置换经验，以及对融资后住房的 制约。自 1980 年代中期以来，首尔市区贫民窟和破旧居民区的重建旨在清除 和整体重建。这种做法伴随的是没有法定财产权利的住宅业主土地所有权合 法化，并且这是财产所有者(包括实地住宅主人和地主)和开发商之间以利 润为首的伙伴关系。自 20 世纪 80 年代末，如果合格，住户可选择实物补偿 (获得公屋单位)或现金补偿。但是无一选择能反映出对无可避免的住房支 出增加仍难以应付的贫穷租客的需求。需要政策措施来给流离失所后的住户 增加选择范围