젠트리피케이션 없는 세상 꿈꾸기 (Dreaming about a world without gentrification)

지난 해 10월부터 12월 사이 두 차례 한국을 방문하였고, 지내는 동안 젠트리피케이션을 화두로 많은 만남을 가졌습니다. 앞서 가졌던 고민의 깊이가 더욱 깊어졌고, 답답하고 아픈 현실에 마음 아팠지만 수 많은 실천의 몸짓을 통해 긍정의 에너지도 얻었습니다. 앞으로 해야할 일을 생각하며 신발끈을 다시 고쳐 맵니다. 아래 글은 희망제작소 (http://www.makehope.org) 에 초청기고한 것 입니다. 희망제작소 웹페이지에 게시한 글은 다음 링크 참조하세요: http://www.makehope.org/?p=30803

This is a short commentary contributed to an NGO based in Seoul, South Korea. I visited Seoul on two occasions between October and December 2015, had an opportunity to meet many people and organisations to talk about gentrification in Seoul, what damages it brings to people and neighbourhoods, and what we can do about it. It had been a very thought-provoking experience, with a lot to think about to make a difference in the future by working in solidarity with many who are already making a difference in their own place.


 

젠트리피케이션 없는 세상 꿈꾸기

신현방 (런던정경대 지리환경학과 부교수)

2015년 서울은 한국 젠트리피케이션 논쟁에서 의미있게 기억될 것입니다. 우선, 지자체가 젠트리피케이션으로 인한 임차상인의 피해를 줄이기 위해 적극적으로 개입을 시작한 해입니다. 9월 23일 성동구에서 ‘서울시 성동구 지역공동체 상호협력 및 지속가능발전구역 지정에 관한 조례’를 선포하였으며, 곧이어 두 달 뒤 11월 23일에는 서울시에서 성동구 조례를 참조하고 발전시켜 ‘젠트리피케이션을 막기 위한 종합대책’을 발표하였습니다. Continue reading

Gentrification Seminars in Seoul, 2-22 December 2015, Seoul National University

In December 2015, I will be leading a series of seminars in Seoul on gentrification. This is to take place at Asia Centre, Seoul National University once a week and starting on 2 December. Gentrification has recently become a social and politically hot topic in Seoul, having seen frequent media coverage from late last year and politicians producing various policy proposals in recent weeks to address displacement of original residents and in particular small businesses who are being driven away due to hiking rents. All those in Seoul and interested in the topic are welcome. Please be reminded that the sessions will be run in Korean though.

Below is the seminar poster and the seminar introduction in Korean along with the weekly programme and readings:

Gentrification-WinterSchool-Programme Gentrification_WinterSchool-Cover

SSK?아시아 ?시연구단 겨울학? 

젠트리피케?션 발전주? ?시? 위기 분?과 대안전? 

지난해부터 언론? 통해서 젠트리피케?션 용어가 빈번하게 언급?고 있습니다. ?미롭게? 최근 한 대중가수가 공중파 예능프로그램?서 ? 용어를 언급한 사실? 한국사회?서 젠트리피케?션 현?? ?드러지게 나타나고 있?? 보여주는 척?입니다. ?처럼 대중? ?? ??서 젠트리피케?션 현?? 대한 관심? 확산?고 있지만, 정작 현?? 대한 기본?? 정?나 학술?? 토론 ? 연구는 아? 제대 로 진행?지 못하면서 용어? 사용과 현?? 대한 ?해? 있어서 혼란? 빚고 있습니다. ?러한 ?황 ?서 전지구? 젠트리피케?션 논?를 소개하고, 우리 사회? 젠트리피케?션? 검토하기 위해 본 겨 울학?를 기?하였습니다.

본 프로그램? 네 번? 모임으로 ?루어진다. 첫 번째 모임?서는 LSE 신현방 ?수가 젠트리피케?션 ? 대한 개론? 소개 ? 앞으로? 세미나 방향? 짚어?니다. 전지구? 젠트리피케?션? ?향과 전? ??는 주제로 강?와 토론? 펼칠 예정입니다.
? 번째 모임부터는 본격?으로 참??들? 젠트리피케?션? 대한 해외최신연구들? ?고, 토론하는 리딩(reading) 세미나 방?입니다. ? 번째 모임?서는 현재 젠트리피케?션 논??서 국가별, ?시별, 지역별로 어떤 차?와 공통?? 있는지를 살펴본다. 세 번째 모임?서는 기존? 서구?시 중심? 연구 ? ??를 받아들?면서? 탈서구?? 시??서 아시아 ?시 사례들? 살펴봅니다. ??으로 네 번째 모 임?서는 실천?, 정책? 측면?서 젠트리피케?션? 대한 대안? 혹? 대항?? 실천과 방향? 논하 는 것으로 ?국? 사례를 살펴보고, 한국 젠트리피케?션? 대한 짧? 발표를 들? 예정입니다.

세미나? ??거리는 대부분 ?문논문들??서 ?반?들?게는 발제? 대한 부담? 있? 수 있지만, 세미나? 주제가 현실 ??과 매우 밀접하게 결부?어 있는 만? 발제는 연구?, 대학?? 중심으로 하면서 참?? ?? 넓히고? 합니다.

본 겨울학?를 기?한 SSK ?아시아 ?시 연구단? “발전주? ?시화??는 화?를 잡고서 어떻게 한 국? ?시?서 국가 주?? ?시화 과정? 진행?었고, 민주화, 세계화, 신?유주?화, 경제위기? ?면 하여 ?시가 변형?었는지를 연구하고 있습니다. ?러한 문제?? 위? ?번 겨울학?는 보다 정?롭 고 ?용?? 탈발전주? ?시화로 나아가는 경로를 실천?으로 모색하려는 시?입니다. ? 프로그램? 취지와 젠트리피케?션 논?? 관심 있는 분들? 많? 참여를 기다립니다.

문?.

Tel. 02-880-2869

Email. karen1987@naver.com

Weekly Schedule and Reading List:

Week 1: Global Gentrifications. Lecture by Hyun Bang Shin (LSE)
2 December 2015, 3 pm (Room 303, Asia Center, SNU)

  • Smith, N. and Williams, P. (1986) Gentrification of the City. London: Unwind Hyman. Chapter by Neil Smith on “Gentrification, the frontier, and the restructuring of urban space?, and Chapter by Pete Marcuse on “Abandonment, gentrification, and displacement: the linkages in New York City?

Week 2: Gentrification from a Comparative Perspective
9 December 2015, 3 pm (Room 406, Asia Center, SNU)

  • Lees, L. (2012) The geography of gentrification: Thinking through comparative urbanism. 36(2): 155-171
  • Ley D. and Teo S.Y. (2014) Gentrification in Hong Kong? Epistemology vs. Ontology. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 38(4): 1286-1303
  • Lees, L., Shin, H.B. and E. López-Morales. (2015) “Conclusion: global gentrifications? in Global Gentrifications: Uneven development and displacement. Policy Press. : 441-452.

Week 3: Gentrification outside the Global North
15 December 2015, 3 pm (Room 303, Asia Centre, SNU)

  • López-Morales E (2015) Gentrification in the global South. City 19(4): 564-73.
  • Ghertner A (2015) Why gentrification theory fails in ‘much of the world’. City 19(4): 552-63.
  • Shin, H.B. and Kim, S-H. (2015) The developmental state, speculative urbanisation and the politics of displacement in gentrifying Seoul. Urban Studies http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098014565745

Week 4Alternatives to Gentrification
22 December 2015, 3 pm (Room 303, Asia Center, SNU)

 

New publication: “The developmental state, speculative urbanisation and the politics of displacement in gentrifying Seoul”

The paper that I’ve been working on for a while with another colleague Professor Soo-Hyun Kim (Sejong University; now the Director of the Seoul Institute) is out now, published by the Urban Studies journal as an online first version. This is part of the forthcoming special issue on Locating Gentrification in East Asia, co-edited by myself, Loretta Lees and Ernesto López-Morales. Its full bibliography details for citing are as follows:

Shin, H.B. and Kim, S-H. (2015) The developmental state, speculative urbanisation and the politics of displacement in gentrifying SeoulUrban Studies doi: 10.1177/0042098014565745

It adopts a broader definition of gentrification as an urban process of commodifying urban space that results in displacement of original inhabitants (hence not just owners but also users), and argues that contrary to the notion of gentrification travelling from the West to the East or from the global South to the global North, gentrification as a process of class-led socio-spatial restructuring is essentially an endogenous process that helps rewrite the landscape in Seoul to address the needs of speculative accumulation by the Korean developmental state. I attach its abstract below, with some of the images that are included in the paper.

Abstract:
What does gentrification mean under speculative urbanisation led by a strong developmental state? This paper analyses the contemporary history of Seoul’s urban redevelopment, arguing that new-build gentrification is an endogenous process embedded in Korea’s highly speculative urban development processes from the 1980s. Property owners, construction firms and local/central governments coalesce, facilitating the extraction of exchange value by closing the rent gap. Displacement of poorer owner-occupiers and tenants was requisite for the success of speculative accumulation. Furthermore, the paper also contends that Korea’s speculative urbanisation under the strong developmental (and later (neo-)liberalising) state has rendered popular resistance to displacement ineffective despite its initial success in securing state concessions. Examining the experience of Seoul in times of condensed industrialisation and speculative urbanisation helps inform the existing literature on gentrification by resorting to non-Western empirics.

Figure 2. Ogsu neighbourhood before and after redevelopment (project period: November 1984 - October 1990). Source: Photographs provided through the courtesy of The Seoul Institute.

Figure 2. Ogsu neighbourhood before and after redevelopment (project period: November 1984 – October 1990). Source: Photographs provided through the courtesy of The Seoul Institute.

Figure 4. Locations of areas designated for redevelopment in Seoul. Source: Map adopted from Bureau of Housing (2008) and adjusted

Figure 4. Locations of areas designated for redevelopment in Seoul. Source: Map adopted from Bureau of Housing (2008) and adjusted

Chinese version of my paper on Displacement and Urban Redevelopment in Seoul

Back in 2008, I had a paper published in the journal, Environment and Urbanization. It discusses the effectiveness of public rental housing provision as compensation measures for tenants in substandard neighbourhoods which become subject to wholesale demolition and redevelopment. I argue in the paper that while the provision of public rental housing provision is a step forward for addressing housing problems of the urban poor, it cannot be all-encompassing solution, and that compensation needs to take into account the diverse socio-economic circumstances (including tenure preferences) of the urban poor.

Not too long after its publication, I had a chance to come across with a colleague who at the time was based in China, working on a number of urbanisation-related research projects. He thought the paper was useful for Chinese audience too and kindly arranged its translation into Chinese to be subsequently posted on a Chinese web site on urban governance. I post the Chinese version of the paper in this post. I express sincere thanks to the colleague who at the time was based in China. (My understanding was that he preferred to remain anonymous at the time, and I will contact him if he’s happy to be named here)

On a separate note, I notice that the Chinese web site has gone through some changes during the last few years. I still find the Chinese version of my paper on the web site (click here to view), but it does not mention my name as the author of the original paper. As there is no contact detail on the web site, I am not sure how to go about asking for corrections. Any tips and help in this matter would be much appreciated. Continue reading

Free access to the journal Environment and Urbanization until 9 December 2013: Includes two papers of mine

SAGE has just announced that to celebrate the 25th anniversary and the 50th issue of the journal Environment and Urbanization (http://eau.sagepub.com/content/by/year), all contents of the journal are given free access. This is for a limited period only until 9th December 2013.

This also means two of my papers from the journal, listed below, are freely available until the date:

Shin, H.B. and Li, B. (2013) Whose Games? The costs of being “Olympic citizens” in Beijing.Environment and Urbanization 25(2): 549-566 View on the journal site

Photo1 Photo2

Continue reading

FWD: 뉴타운 재개발? 중단하?

?전? 참여정부?서 근무하시다 지금? 세종대학??서 재?하고 계시는 김수현?수께서 경?대 정? ?수와 함께 작성하신 ‘격문’ 입니다. 무한 펌? 권장하시니 주변 분들?게? 전달하시어 ?리 ?혔으면 하는 마?? 전달해 드립니다. 문서 바로 보기 – 여기를 ?릭하세요

제 연구 분야 역시 ?시재?, 재개발? 정치학, 저소?층 주민 삶 등? ?함?어 있는?요, 현재 ?아시아 ?국?서 진행?는 재개발 정책? 한결같? 부?산 ?본? ?윤 극대화, ?? 정부 보장 (?는 주?)가 밑바탕? 깔려 있는 듯 합니다. Capital ?는 Expertise 와 같? ??? 빈약하여 정책 ?향력? 미미한 ?시 서민? ?러한 개발 과정?서 소외?는 모습? ?아시아 여러 ?시?서 공통?으로 발견합니다…