Absorbed in her Study, Xining, China

ShinHyunBang_AbsorbedinHerStudy-001
Description:

While families in China struggle to provide education for their children, girls are more likely to fall behind boys in terms of receiving fair opportunities. While roadworks were going on in the entire section of this busy street located in the central district of Qinghaiโ€™s provincial capital Xining, this girl show how much she was determined and willing to commit to her study.

(originally submitted to LSE Photo Prize 2012)

Location: Xining, China
Date: September 2008

์น ๋ ˆ์—?์„œ์?˜ ํ•™์ƒ? ์‹œ์œ„ ๊ฒฉํ™”, ๋‚จ ์?ผ์?ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋‹ค

์น ๋ ˆ ์ˆ˜๋?„ ์‚ฐํ‹ฐ์•„๊ณ ์—?์„œ์?˜ ํ•™์ƒ?์‹œ์œ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฒฉํ™”๋?˜์—ˆ๋‚˜ ๋ด…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (http://goo.gl/bDeItย BBC ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ ์ฐธ์กฐ). ์‚ฐํ‹ฐ์•„๊ณ ์—?์„œ๋Š” ์ง€๋‚œ 5์›” ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋ฌด์ƒ? ๊ณต๊ต?์œก, ๊ต?์œก์?˜ ์งˆ ๊ฐœ์„  ๋“ฑ์?„ ๋‚ด๊ฑด ํ•™์ƒ?ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์?ด ์?ด์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ณผ๋?„ํ•œ ๊ต?์œก๋น„, ๋“ฑ๋ก?๊ธˆ ๋“ฑ์?ด ํ?ฐ ์?ด์œ  ์ค‘ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋กœ ์•Œ๋ ค์ ธ ์žˆ์ง€์š”.

BBC ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ์—? ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉด ์น ๋ ˆ์?˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, 2007๋…„๋?„ ๊ธฐ์ค€, ์ „์ฒด ๊ต?์œก๋น„ ์ค‘ 40%๊ฐ€ ์?ผ๋ฐ˜ ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์?˜ ์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ์—?์„œ ๋‚˜์˜จ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š”๊ตฐ์š”. OECD ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ ์ค‘ ์ตœ๊ณ ์น˜๋?ผ๊ณ  ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (์น ๋ ˆ๋Š” 2010๋…„ OECD ๊ฐ€์ž…). ์ข€ ๋?” ์ž?์„ธํ•œ ๋‚ด์šฉ์?€ OECD์—?์„œ ๋ฐœ๊ฐ„ํ•˜๋Š” Education at a Glance 2010: OECD Indicators๋ฅผ ์ฐธ์กฐํ•˜๋ฉด ์•Œ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (๋ฐ”๋กœ๊ฐ€๊ธฐ:ย 2011๋…„๋?„ ๋ณด๊ณ ์„œ;ย 2010๋…„๋?„ ๋ณด๊ณ ์„œ)

2008๋…„๋?„์?˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ์น ๋ ˆ์—?์„œ์?˜ ์ „์ฒด๊ต?์œก๋น„ ๊ฐ€๊ตฌ ๋ถ„๋‹ด ๋น„์œจ์?€ 39.2%๋กœ ๋‹ค์†Œ ๋‚ฎ์•„์ง€์ง€๋งŒ, ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์ตœ๊ณ ์ˆ˜์ค€์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต?์œก๋น„๋งŒ ๋”ฐ์ง€๋ฉด 2009๋…„ 79.3%๋กœ ๋ฌด์ฒ™ ๋†’๊ตฐ์š”. ์กฐ์‚ฌ๋?œ OECD ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ ์ค‘ ์ตœ๊ณ ์น˜. ํ•™์ƒ?๋“ค์?ด ๋ฟ”๋‚ ๋งŒ๋?„ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋ก€๋กœ, ์ง€๋‚œ 9์›” ๋‚˜์˜จ ์˜?๊ตญ ์?ผ๊ฐ„์ง€ ๊ธฐ์‚ฌ๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋ฉด (goo.gl/TMNMm) ์˜?๊ตญ์?˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™๋“ฑ๋ก?๊ธˆ ์?ธ์ƒ?์œผ๋กœ ์?ธํ•ด OECD ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์ค‘ ๋“ฑ๋ก?๊ธˆ์?ด 3๋ฒˆ์งธ๋กœ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๋น„์‹ธ์ง„๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ๋?ฐ ์˜?๊ตญ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋?” ๋†’์?€ ๊ณณ์?€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ๊ณผ ํ•œ๊ตญ(!) ์˜?๊ตญ ๋Œ€ํ•™๋“ฑ๋ก?๊ธˆ์?ด ์?ธ์ƒ?๋?˜์–ด ์?ผ๋ณธ, ํ˜ธ์ฃผ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋†’์•„์ง€๊ณ , ํ”„๋ž‘์Šค, ๋„ค๋?œ๋ž€๋“œ, ์Šค์›จ๋?ด์—? ๋น„ํ•  ๋ฐ”๋?„ ์•ˆ๋?œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š”๋?ฐ, ํ•œ๊ตญ์?€ ์?ด๋“ค๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ ฅ์?ด, ์ƒ?ํ™œ์ˆ˜์ค€์?ด ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๋†’๊ธธ๋ž˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™๋“ฑ๋ก?๊ธˆ์?€ OECD์—?์„œ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๋‹ค์?Œ์œผ๋กœ ๋†’์?€ ๊ฒƒ์?ผ๊นŒ์š”?

์ข€ ๋?” ์ž?์„ธํžˆ ํ•œ๊ตญ ์ƒ?ํ™ฉ์?„ ์‚ดํŽด ๋ณด๋ฉด, 2008๋…„ ๊ธฐ์ค€, ์ „์ฒด ๊ต?์œก๋น„์ค‘ ์?ผ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€๊ตฌ ๋ถ„๋‹ด๋ฅ ์?ด 29.5%๋กœ ์กฐ์‚ฌ๋?œ OECD ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ ์ค‘ ์น ๋ ˆ์—? ์?ด์–ด 2์œ„. ๊ณต์ ? ๋ถ€๋‹ด์œจ์?€ 59.6%๋กœ ์น ๋ ˆ์—? ์?ด์–ด ๋‘?๋ฒˆ์งธ๋กœ ๋‚ฎ๊ณ , OECD ํ?‰๊ท  83.5%์—? ๋น„ํ•ด ํ„ฑ์—†์?ด ๋‚ฎ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๊ตญ ์ •์ฑ…์ž…์•ˆ์ž?๋“ค์?ด ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ๋งŒํ•ด๋?„ ์ „์ฒด ๊ต?์œก๋น„ ์ค‘ ๊ณต์ ? ๋ถ€๋‹ด์œจ์?ด 71%๋‚˜ ๋?˜๋ฉฐ, ์?ผ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€๊ตฌ ๋ถ„๋‹ด๋ฅ ์?€ 21% ์?ด์ง€์š”. ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต?์œก๋น„์?˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ, ํ•œ๊ตญ์?€ ์?ผ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€๊ตฌ ๋ถ„๋‹ด๋ฅ ์?ด 52.1%๋กœ์„œ ์น ๋ ˆ์—? ์?ด์–ด OECD ์ตœ๊ณ ์ˆ˜์ค€. ๊ณต์ ? ๋ถ„๋‹ด๋ฅ ์?€ ๊ณ ์ž‘ 22.3%๋กœ ์น ๋ ˆ ์?ด์–ด OECD ์ตœ์ €์ˆ˜์ค€. ๊ณผ๋?„ํ•œ ๋Œ€ํ•™๋“ฑ๋ก?๊ธˆ, ์?ผ๋ฐ˜๊ฐ€๊ณ„์—? ํ?ฐ ๋ถ€๋‹ด์?ธ ๊ฒƒ์?ด ๊ตญ์ œํ†ต๊ณ„๋กœ๋?„ ํ™•์?ธ๋?ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์น ๋ ˆ ๋งŒํ?ผ ์‹ฌ๊ฐ?ํ•œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋?ผ ๊ต?์œก, ๋ฏผ๊ฐ„ ๋ถ€๋ฌธ์—? ์?˜ํ•œ ์?˜์กด๋?„๊ฐ€ ๋†’๋‹ค๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋?” ์•…ํ™”๋?œ ์ƒ?ํƒœ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์œ ๋Ÿฝ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋“ค์—? ๋น„ํ•ด์„œ ๊ต?์œก๋น„์?˜ ๋งŽ์?€ ๋ถ€๋ถ„์?ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋ถ€๋ชจ๋‹˜, ํ•™์ƒ?๋“ค ์ฃผ๋จธ๋‹ˆ ์Œˆ์ง“๋?ˆ์œผ๋กœ ์ง€ํƒฑ๋?˜๋Š” ๊ต?์œก์?ด ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋?ผ ํ˜„์‹ค์?ด์ง€์š”. ๊ต?์œก๊ฐœํ˜?, ์‚ฌํ•™๊ฐœํ˜?์?˜ ๋˜? ํ•˜๋‚˜ ์?ด์œ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋?ผ ํ•™์ƒ?๋“ค์?ด ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๋ฌธ์ œ์?˜ ์‹ฌ๊ฐ?์„ฑ์?„ ์ข€ ๋?” ์ œ๋Œ€๋กœ ์?ธ์‹?ํ•˜๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”๋ž„ ๋”ฐ๋ฆ„์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.