Book Review [In Korean]: Shanghai Gone by Qin Shao

This is the fifth monthly contribution to the Korean daily newspaper, The KyungHyang Shinmun. I have chosen by Qin Shao, Professor of History at The College of New Jersey. There is an excerpt of the book in English, which can be viewed on the Asia Society web site on this link.

The book discusses the life and struggle of Shanghai’s displacees whose life courses have abruptly changed by the city-wide redevelopment projects. Facing the almighty power of the state, developers, media and so on, displacees are transformed from ordinary residents to an occupational petitioners, a barrack-room lawyer or a community leader. The rights discourse spelled out by these people also provides a fascinating insight for our understanding on how the interaction between reform measures (economic, political and legal) and people’s response to these have reshaped their rights awareness and views on social justice.

The contents of this book resonate with my own research on residents’ displacement and redevelopment in Seoul (Nangok neighbourhood, 난곡) in South Korea (see my papers from Geoforum and Environment and Urbanization) as well as in Beijing and Guangzhou in China (in particular, my papers from Antipode and Urban Studies).

2013년 6월 22? 지면 게재 예정 [해외 책] 서? 송고 ?고:

(게재? ?고 바로보기)

?하?, 사?지다 (Shanghai Gone: Domicide and Defiance in a Chinese Megacity), 친 샤오

ShanghaiGone-QinShao?하? 정부 통계를 근거로 유추해보면 2003년부터 2010년까지 48 가구대략 150만명 가까운 시민? 철거?주 대??었? 것으로 파악?다. 2003 기준 ?하? ? 가구수가 486만?었으니, 8 ?안     집꼴로 ?종 개발사업으로 ?해 철거?주? 셈?다?러한 통계?는 ?민공??고? 불리우는 ?주노??가 제외?니 실제 철거?주? ?시민 규모는 훨씬 ? ? 것?다중국? 20세기초 ?시화 과정? 연구하? ?양사학?  샤오가 2013 발표한 저작 <?하?사?지다> 최근 10년? ?어난 ?하?? ?시개발로 ?해 집과 ??? 파괴? 보통 사람들? 고난과 투? 역사를 담고 있다.

중국 사회주? 정부하?서 재개발? 애초 주거환경개선??는 복지? 성격? 강하였다. ?러한 성격? 근본?으로 변한 것? 1990년대 집중? 주? ?품화, 토지 ?품화 정책? 기?한다. 국가소유? 토지? 사용권? 시장 거래 대?? ?고, 그 ?매 수?? 지방정부 예산외 재?으로 편입?면서 지방정부가 토지개발? ? ?해관계를 갖는다. 여기? 급?히 팽창한 주?시장? 몰린 투?사, 건설사 등과 공통? ?해관계를 토대로 협력? 관계를 맺? 것?다. ?로? ?시재개발? ? ?? 복지?기보다는 ?윤추구를 위한 수?사업? ? 것?다.  Continue reading

China Policy Institute Blog » China’s Speculative Urbanism and the Built Environment

The following is an invited contribution to the China Policy Institute Blog (thanks to Jonathan Sullivan for the invitation and editorial support). The theme of the blog at the time of the invitation was ‘environment’, and to me, this cannot be detached from the issue of China’s speculative urbanism that has been sweeping the country for years.

  • Updated on 12 October 2014: A related piece is published in the CITY journal in September 2014. It is entitled Contesting Speculative Urbanisation and Strategising Discontents. Click here to read the paper. Related blog post can be found here.

China Policy Institute Blog » China’s Speculative Urbanism and the Built Environment

Published on 24 April 2013

Critics have been speculating since the 1990s that China had already entered an ‘urban age,’ with a large number of migrants unaccounted for in the national census. But it was not until 2011 when the majority of the country’s national population were to be found, officially, in urban areas for the first time in history. From the viewpoint of the built environment, China’s urbanisation has entailed a massive accumulation of the country’s fixed assets through investments in infrastructure, facilities and real estate properties. Key cities have led the way. For instance, in the case of Beijing, the city’s share of total fixed asset investment in its gross regional product was more than 40 per cent for much of the 2000s. More than half of Beijing’s fixed asset investment during this period went into the real estate sector. Such a mode of urban accumulation plays out in a geographically uneven way. In comparison with Beijing, the share of Tianjin’s total fixed asset investment in its gross regional product was more than 50 per cent in 2008, and rapidly rose to 71 per cent in 2010, but the city’s investment in the real estate sector remained around 20 per cent or less during the first eight years of the 2000s. Continue reading

Book Review [In Korean]: Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia by Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill and Asato Saito

My fourth book review for the  Korean daily newspaper KyungHyang Daily. This time, I have selected <Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia> by Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill and Asato Saito. Published on 24 May 2013.

2013년 5월 24? 게재? 네번째 경향신문 [해외 책] 서?.

?아시아?서 신?유주? 찾기

Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia: Neoliberalizing Spaces in Developmental States

140519279820세기 중후반 세계경제는 특?한 현?? 목?한다. 저개발국가 대부분? 경제성장? 못 ?루고 빈곤? 허?? 때 아시아? ?부 국가는 산업화, ?시화 ? 수출주?형 경제를 달성하며 경제성장? 기?? ?룬 것?다. ?본? 전후 복구를 설명하기 위한 분?틀로 등장했? 개발주? 국가론? 한국, 대만, ?콩, 싱가?르 등으로 대변?는 ‘아시아 네 마리 용’? 경제 신화 분??? ?용?었다. 반면 2차 대전 ?후 잉태?어 1970년 오? 파? ?후 본격?으로 전파? 신?유주?는 개발주? 담론? 입?하여 ?아시아 경제?? ? ?향? 미치었다. 한국? 지리학? 박배균, 미국? 사회학? 리처드 차?드 ?, ?본? 지리학? 아사토 사?토 세 명? 편저한 <?아시아?서 신?유주? 찾기>(Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia)는 ?아시아? 대한 신?유주? ?향력? 고찰하며, 특히 ?시 ? 지역정책? 중심으로 ?본, 한국, 대만, ?콩, 싱가?르, ?레?시아, 태국 사례를 다룬다.

?아시아?서 발현한 개발주?는 국가주?형 경제가 성장? ?력? ?다는 ??올로기로서 중앙 계?, 공공부문 확장 ? 개발 계? 추진 등? 통한 국가경제 발전? 목표로 한다. 한편 신?유주?는 사?소유 ? 시장 경?? 통해 ?유로운 개?? ?? 실현 추구가 사회 부? ?대를 가져온다는 ??올로기로서, 국가? ?한 시장 개입? 최소화하려 한다. 하지만 ?러한 경제질서를 재편하기 위해 오히려 국가? 역할? ?대하는?, ?는 통치제?? 정비, 공권력 확대, 공공질서 구현 ? 법 체제 정비와 같? 규제 정책? 실시를 통해 드러난다.

? 책?서? 주? 문제??? 개발주?가 세계화? 따? 신?유주?로 대체?었다고 단순하게 ?해하기보다는 ? 둘? ?호작용? 따? 어떻게 발전? 관계를 형성하는지? 맞춰 있다. Continue reading