Book Review in Korean: Rebel Cities by David Harvey ๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„์?˜ <์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ>

I’ve been invited to contribute book reviews to a Korean daily newspaper calledย KyungHyang Daily. It’s going to be one book per month, and I presume it’s going to be also available on its online site. The first one I have chosen is David Harvey’s Rebel Cities (2012). The next one to come is Stephen Graham’s Cities under Siege (2011). The following is the original contribution in Korean that I sent to the newspaper.

3์›”๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฌธ์—? ์„œํ?‰์?„ ๊ธฐ๊ณ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋?˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๋‹ฌ์—? ํ•œ๋ฒˆ ๊ธฐ๊ณ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋?˜์—ˆ๋Š”๋?ฐ, ์ฒซ๋ฒˆ์งธ ์ฑ…์œผ๋กœ ์„ ์ •ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์?€ ๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„์?˜ <์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ> (Rebel Cities). ๋‹ค์?Œ์—?๋Š” Stephen Graham’s Cities under Siege (2011) – ์•„์ง? ํ•œ๊ธ€ ๋ฒˆ์—ญ ์ œ๋ชฉ์?„ ์•ˆ์ •ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์•„๋ž˜ ๊ธ€์?€ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฌธ์—? ๊ธฐ๊ณ ํ•œ ์›?๊ณ . 3์›” 2์?ผ์ž?๋กœ ์‹ค๋ฆด ์˜ˆ์ •์?ด๋‹ค.

์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œย (Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution),ย ๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„

๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„(ํ˜„ ๋‰ด์š•์‹œ๋ฆฝ๋Œ€ ๊ต?์ˆ˜)๋Š” ์ง€๋ฆฌํ•™์ž?๋กœ ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•ด ๋ถ„๊ณผํ•™๋ฌธ์?„ ๋›ฐ์–ด๋„˜๋Š” ํ†ต์ฐฐ๋ ฅ์?„ ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜์œผ๋กœ ์˜ค๋žซ๋?™์•ˆ ๋น„ํŒ?์ ? ๊ด€์ ?์—?์„œ ๊ณต๊ฐ„์?˜ ์ •์น˜๊ฒฝ์ œํ•™์?„ ์ •๋ฆฝํ•˜๋Š” ๋?ฐ ํž˜์?„ ์?Ÿ์•„์™”๋‹ค.ย ์ตœ๊ทผ ๋“ค์–ด ๋งŒ๋‚œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ถ€์ฉ? ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ณ€ํ˜?์?˜ ํ•„์š”์„ฑ๊ณผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•๋ก ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๊ณ ๋ฏผํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.ย ๊ทธ์?˜ย 2012๋…„ ์‹ ์ž‘ย <์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ>๋Š” ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ณ ๋ฏผ์?˜ ์„ฑ๊ณผ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ด ์ฑ…์—?์„œ ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ณ€ํ˜?์?„ ๊ณ ๋ฏผํ•˜๋Š” ์„ธ๋ ฅ์—?๊ฒŒ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์?„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.

Rebel_cities์ถœ๋ฐœ์ ?์?€ย โ€˜์ž?๋ณธ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œํ™”โ€™๋?ผ๋Š” ๊ด€์ ?์—?์„œ ๋ณธ ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?๊ณผ ๋?„์‹œํ™”์?˜ ์?˜์กด์ ? ๊ด€๊ณ„์?ด๋‹ค.ย ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ๋?„์‹œํ™”๋ฅผ ๋‹จ์ง€ ์ด? ์?ธ๊ตฌ ๋Œ€๋น„ ๋?„์‹œ์?ธ๊ตฌ์?˜ ์ฆ?๊ฐ€ ํ˜„์ƒ?์?ด ์•„๋‹Œ,ย ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?์?˜ ์ค‘์š” ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ ์?ดํ•ดํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ์ฆ‰,ย ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜ ๋ฐœ์ „๊ณผ์ •์—?์„œ ์ดˆ๋ž˜๋?˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ž‰์ถ•์ ? ์œ„๊ธฐ์?˜ ์ฃผ์š” ํ•ด์†Œ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ์?จ ๋ถ€๋?™์‚ฐ ๋ฐ? ๊ฐ?์ข… ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜์‹œ์„ค์?„ ํ?ฌํ•จํ•œ ๊ณ ์ •์ž?๋ณธ,ย ๊ณต๊ฐ„์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํˆฌ์ž?๊ฐ€ ์?ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ง„๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ด€์ ?์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ด ๊ณผ์ •์?€ ํ•„์—ฐ์ ?์œผ๋กœ ์›?๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ˆ˜ํƒˆ,ย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ์•ฝ์ž?์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ†ต์ œ์™€ ์–ต์••์?„ ๋?™๋ฐ˜ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋ถ€์?˜ ์†Œ์ˆ˜ ์ง‘์ค‘์?„ ์•ผ๊ธฐํ•œ๋‹ค.

[์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ]๊ฐ€ ์ œ๊ธฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ทผ๋ณธ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์?€ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ์?˜ ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์—ฐ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•ด ๋‚ผ ๊ฒƒ์?ธ๊ฐ€,ย ๋?„์‹œ์‚ฌํšŒ์šด๋?™์?˜ ๊ธฐ์—ฌ์™€ ์—ญํ• ์?€ ๋ฌด์—‡์?ธ๊ฐ€ ๋“ฑ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ํ˜„๋Œ€ ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?์—? ์žˆ์–ด์„œ๋Š” ์ƒ?์‚ฐํ˜„์žฅ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋?„์‹œํ™” ์ž?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๋?”์šฑ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ์ž‰์—ฌ ์ฐฝ์ถœ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์?ด๋ฏ€๋กœ ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ €ํ•ญ ์—ญ์‹œ ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ๋?„์‹œ์‚ฌํšŒ์šด๋?™์?„ ํ†ตํ•ด ์?ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ ธ์•ผ ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™๋?„ ์?ด์—? ๊ฒฐํ•ฉํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์–˜๊ธฐํ•œ๋‹ค.

์—ฌ๊ธฐ์„œย โ€˜๋?„์‹œ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌโ€™ (Right to the City),ย ์ฆ‰ย โ€˜๋?„์‹œ๊ถŒโ€™์?˜ ์ค‘์š”์„ฑ์?ด ๊ฐ•์กฐ๋?œ๋‹ค.ย ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜์—?์„œ ๋?„์‹œํ™”๋Š” ๋‹ค์ˆ˜์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฐฉ์ทจ๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์†Œ์ˆ˜ ๋?…์ ?์?„ ๊ฐ•ํ™”ํ•˜๋Š” ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์?ด๋ค„์ง„๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋ณธ๋‹ค.ย ๋?„์‹œ๊ถŒ์?€ ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ฐฉ์ทจ์™€ ๋ถˆํ?‰๋“ฑ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๊ฐœํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋?„์‹œ๋ฏผ์?˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์žฅ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์?˜์‚ฌ์—? ์—ญํ–‰ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฐ•์ œ์ฒ ๊ฑฐ,ย ๊ฐ•์ œ์?ด์ฃผ ๋“ฑ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋ฟ? ์•„๋‹ˆ๋?ผ,ย ์น˜์†Ÿ๋Š” ์ง‘์„ธ์—? ์œ„ํ˜‘๋ฐ›๋Š” ๋?„์‹œ๋ฏผ์?˜ ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ๊ถŒ,ย ๊ฐ?์ข… ์ง€๋ฐฐ์?ด๋?ฐ์˜ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ์—? ์–ต์••๋ฐ›๋Š” ์„ฑ์†Œ์ˆ˜์ž?,ย ์—ด์•…ํ•œ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์?˜ ์?ด์ฃผ๋…ธ๋?™์ž?,ย ๋น„์ •๊ทœ ๋…ธ๋?™์ž?๋“ค์?˜ ์?ธ๊ฐ„๋‹ค์šด ์‚ถ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์žฅ์?„ ํ?ฌํ•จํ•œ๋‹ค.

์?ด๊ฐ™์?€ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์žฅ์?€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์žฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ ์š”๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜๋ฐ˜ํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋งˆ๋ จ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜,ย ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ๋‹จ์ˆœํ•œ ๋ถ€์?˜ ์žฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๋งŒ์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ? ๋ฌธ์ œ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์?ด ํž˜๋“ค๋ฉฐ,ย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์ƒ?์‚ฐ ๋ฐ? ํ™œ์šฉ๊ณผ์ • ์ „๋ฐ˜์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ ? ํ†ต์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋ฏฟ๋Š”๋‹ค.ย ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ ? ํ†ต์ œ๋ฅผ ์‹คํ˜„ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ๊ธฐ์กด ๋ณ€ํ˜?์šด๋?™,ย ๋จผ์ € ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™์?˜ ์—ญํ•  ์žฌ์ •๋ฆฝ์?ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค.ย ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜ ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์—?๋Š” ์ƒ?์‚ฐํ˜„์žฅ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์?˜ ๋…ธ๋?™๊ณ„๊ธ‰ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์?ด ์žˆ์–ด ์™”๋‹ค.ย ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜,ย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ์ž‰์—ฌ๊ฐ€์น˜์?˜ ์ƒ?์‚ฐ์?ด ์ƒ?์‚ฐ๋…ธ๋?™ ํ˜„์žฅ๋ฟ? ์•„๋‹ˆ๋?ผ ๋ถ€๋?™์‚ฐ ํˆฌ๊ธฐ,ย ๊ณ ์ •์ž?๋ณธ ํ™•์žฅ,ย ์ž?์›? ๋?…์ ?,ย ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ ์ˆ˜ํƒˆ ๋“ฑ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ํ˜•ํƒœ๋กœ ์?ด๋ค„์ง€๋Š” ํ˜„๋Œ€์‚ฌํšŒ์—?์„œ ๋…ธ๋?™๊ณ„๊ธ‰ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์?ด ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ณ€ํ˜?์šด๋?™์?˜ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์?ด ๋?˜์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์—? ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์?˜๋ฌธ์?„ ํ‘œํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ํ˜„๋Œ€ ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ํ˜•ํƒœ์?˜ ์ˆ˜ํƒˆ,ย ๋?…์ ? ๋“ฑ์?„ ํ†ตํ•ด ์?ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ง„๋‹ค๋ฉด,ย ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ ์šด๋?™ ์—ญ์‹œ ์?ด ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ๊ฒฝ๋กœ๋“ค์?„ ํ?ฌ๊ด„ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ๋”ฐ๋?ผ์„œ ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™,ย ์ง€์—ญ์šด๋?™ ๋ฐ? ์‹œ๋ฏผ์šด๋?™์?˜ ์ƒ?์‹œ์ ? ์—ฐ๋Œ€์™€ ์?ด์—? ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜ํ•œ ์ €ํ•ญ ์ฆ‰ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ ๋?„์‹œํ˜?๋ช…์?˜ ํ•„์š”์„ฑ์?„ ์ œ์ฐฝํ•œ๋‹ค.

ํ•˜๋น„์?˜ ์ฃผ์žฅ์?€ ๋?„์‹œํ™”์œจ์?ดย 90%ย ์?ด์ƒ?์?ธ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋?ผ์—?์„œ ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?์?˜ ํ??ํ•ด๋ฅผ ๊ทน๋ณต์ฝ”์ž? ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜ ์šด๋?™์?ด ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์ „๊ฐœ๋?ผ์•ผ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์?ธ์ง€ ์‹œ์‚ฌ์ ?์?„ ๋?˜์ ธ์ค€๋‹ค.ย ๋น„์ •๊ทœ,ย ์ž„์‹œ,ย ํ•˜์ฒญ์ง?์?ด ๊ธฐํ˜•์ ?์œผ๋กœ ๋น„๋Œ€ํ•ด์ง€๊ณ ,ย ๋Œ€๊ธฐ์—…์?˜ ์šฐ์›”์ ? ์ง€์œ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ•ํ™”๋?œ ์ƒ?ํ™ฉ์—?์„œ ์†Œ๊ทœ๋ชจ ์‚ฌ์—…์žฅ,ย ๋น„์ •๊ทœ,ย ์ž„์‹œ ์?ผ์šฉ์ง?,ย ์?ด์ฃผ๋…ธ๋?™์ž? ๋“ฑ๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ จ๋?œ ์?˜์ œ๋“ค์?„ ํ?ญ๋„“๊ฒŒ ์„ค์ •ํ•˜์—ฌ,ย ์‹œ๋ฏผ๊ถŒ์—? ๊ธฐ์ดˆํ•œ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์žฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๋ฟ? ์•„๋‹ˆ๋?ผ ํ•œ์ธต ๊ตฌ์กฐ์ ?์?ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ,ย ์ฆ‰ ์ž?๋ณธ ์ถ•์ ?์?ด ์?ด๋?„๋Š” ๋?„์‹œํ™” ํ??ํ•ด์—? ๊ด€์‹ฌ์?„ ๊ธฐ์šธ์?ด๋ฉฐ,ย ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™,ย ์ง€์—ญ์šด๋?™,ย ์‹œ๋ฏผ์šด๋?™์?ด ์ •์น˜์„ธ๋ ฅํ™”๋งŒ์?„ ์œ„ํ•œ ์?ผ์‹œ์ ? ๋˜?๋Š” ์‚ฌ์•ˆ๋ณ„ ์—ฐ๋Œ€์—?์„œ ๋ฒ—์–ด๋‚˜ ์ƒ?์‹œ์ ?์?ธ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ ์—ฐ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ์?ด๋ค„์•ผ ํ•  ํ•„์š”์„ฑ ๋“ฑ์?ด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์?ด๋‹ค.

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