Our Bodies: Whose Property? by Anne Phillips. Book Review

Reviewed in this month for a Korean daily… A short but an insightful book that provides a lot to think about but no simple straightforward answer. This posting is in Korean.

์?ด๋ฒˆ ๋‹ฌ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฌธ ํ•ด์™ธ ์ฑ… ๋ฆฌ๋ทฐ๋Š” ์?ด ์ฑ…์œผ๋กœ ํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ƒ?๊ฐ?ํ•  ๊บผ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋งŽ์?ด ๋?˜์ ธ์ฃผ๋ฉด์„œ๋?„ ๋ช…์พŒํ•œ ๋‹ต์?€ ์‰ฝ์‚ฌ๋ฆฌ ์ฃผ์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ์ฑ…์?ด์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค …ย 

Original link:ย http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid=201309272143285&code=900308ย (Posted on the newspaper site on 27 September 2013)


Review begins… Continue reading

Book Review [In Korean]: Shanghai Gone by Qin Shao

This is the fifth monthly contribution to the Korean daily newspaper,ย The KyungHyang Shinmun. I have chosenย byย Qin Shao, Professor of History at The College of New Jersey. There is an excerpt of the book in English, which can be viewed on the Asia Society web siteย on this link.

The book discusses the life and struggle of Shanghai’s displacees whose life courses have abruptly changed by the city-wide redevelopment projects. Facing the almighty power of the state, developers, media and so on, displacees are transformed from ordinary residents to an occupational petitioners, a barrack-room lawyer or a community leader. The rights discourse spelled out by these people also provides a fascinating insight for our understanding on how the interaction between reform measures (economic, political and legal) and people’s response to these have reshaped their rights awareness and views on social justice.

The contents of this book resonate with my own research on residents’ displacement and redevelopment in Seoul (Nangok neighbourhood, ๋‚œ๊ณก) in South Korea (see my papers fromย Geoforumย andย Environment and Urbanization) as well as in Beijing and Guangzhou in China (in particular, my papers fromย Antipodeย andย Urban Studies).


2013๋…„ 6์›” 22์?ผ ์ง€๋ฉด ๊ฒŒ์žฌ ์˜ˆ์ • [ํ•ด์™ธ ์ฑ…] ์„œํ?‰ ์†ก๊ณ  ์›?๊ณ :

(๊ฒŒ์žฌ๋?œ ์›?๊ณ  ๋ฐ”๋กœ๋ณด๊ธฐ)

์ƒ?ํ•˜์?ด,ย ์‚ฌ๋?ผ์ง€๋‹คย (Shanghai Gone: Domicide and Defiance in a Chinese Megacity),ย ์นœย ์ƒค์˜ค

ShanghaiGone-QinShao์ƒ?ํ•˜์?ดย ์ •๋ถ€ย ํ†ต๊ณ„๋ฅผย ๊ทผ๊ฑฐ๋กœย ์œ ์ถ”ํ•ด๋ณด๋ฉดย 2003๋…„๋ถ€ํ„ฐย 2010๋…„๊นŒ์ง€ย 48๋งŒย ๊ฐ€๊ตฌ,ย ๋Œ€๋žตย 150๋งŒ๋ช…ย ๊ฐ€๊นŒ์šดย ์‹œ๋ฏผ์?ดย ์ฒ ๊ฑฐ์?ด์ฃผย ๋Œ€์ƒ?์?ด์—ˆ๋?˜ย ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœย ํŒŒ์•…๋?œ๋‹ค. 2003๋…„ย ๊ธฐ์ค€ย ์ƒ?ํ•˜์?ดย ์ด?ย ๊ฐ€๊ตฌ์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ย 486๋งŒ์?ด์—ˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ, 8๋…„ย ๋?™์•ˆย ์—ดย ์ง‘ย ์ค‘ย ํ•œย ์ง‘๊ผด๋กœย ๊ฐ?์ข…ย ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์‚ฌ์—…์œผ๋กœย ์?ธํ•ดย ์ฒ ๊ฑฐ์?ด์ฃผ๋?œย ์…ˆ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œย ํ†ต๊ณ„์—?๋Š”ย ๋†?๋ฏผ๊ณต์?ด๋?ผ๊ณ ๋?„ย ๋ถˆ๋ฆฌ์šฐ๋Š”ย ์?ด์ฃผ๋…ธ๋?™์ž?๊ฐ€ย ์ œ์™ธ๋?˜๋‹ˆย ์‹ค์ œย ์ฒ ๊ฑฐ์?ด์ฃผ๋?œย ๋?„์‹œ๋ฏผย ๊ทœ๋ชจ๋Š”ย ํ›จ์”ฌย ๋?”ย ํ?ดย ๊ฒƒ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์ค‘๊ตญ์?˜ย 20์„ธ๊ธฐ์ดˆย ๋?„์‹œํ™”ย ๊ณผ์ •์?„ย ์—ฐ๊ตฌํ•˜๋?˜ย ๋?™์–‘์‚ฌํ•™์ž?ย ์นœย ์ƒค์˜ค๊ฐ€ย 2013๋…„ย ๋ฐœํ‘œํ•œย ์ €์ž‘ย <์ƒ?ํ•˜์?ด,ย ์‚ฌ๋?ผ์ง€๋‹ค>๋Š”ย ์ตœ๊ทผย 10๋…„์—?ย ์?ผ์–ด๋‚œย ์ƒ?ํ•˜์?ด์?˜ย ๋?„์‹œ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๋กœย ์?ธํ•ดย ์ง‘๊ณผย ์?ผ์ƒ?์?ดย ํŒŒ๊ดด๋?œย ๋ณดํ†ตย ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์?˜ย ๊ณ ๋‚œ๊ณผย ํˆฌ์Ÿ?ย ์—ญ์‚ฌ๋ฅผย ๋‹ด๊ณ ย ์žˆ๋‹ค.

์ค‘๊ตญย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์?˜ย ์ •๋ถ€ํ•˜์—?์„œย ์žฌ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์?€ย ์• ์ดˆย ์ฃผ๊ฑฐํ™˜๊ฒฝ๊ฐœ์„ ์?ด๋?ผ๋Š”ย ๋ณต์ง€์ ?ย ์„ฑ๊ฒฉ์?ดย ๊ฐ•ํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.ย ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œย ์„ฑ๊ฒฉ์?ดย ๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ?์œผ๋กœย ๋ณ€ํ•œย ๊ฒƒ์?€ย 1990๋…„๋Œ€ย ์ง‘์ค‘๋?œย ์ฃผํƒ?ย ์ƒ?ํ’ˆํ™”,ย ํ† ์ง€ย ์ƒ?ํ’ˆํ™”ย ์ •์ฑ…์—?ย ๊ธฐ์?ธํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์†Œ์œ ์?ธย ํ† ์ง€์?˜ย ์‚ฌ์šฉ๊ถŒ์?ดย ์‹œ์žฅย ๊ฑฐ๋ž˜ย ๋Œ€์ƒ?์?ดย ๋?˜๊ณ ,ย ๊ทธย ํŒ?๋งคย ์ˆ˜์?ต์?ดย ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ •๋ถ€ย ์˜ˆ์‚ฐ์™ธย ์žฌ์›?์œผ๋กœย ํŽธ์ž…๋?˜๋ฉด์„œย ์ง€๋ฐฉ์ •๋ถ€๊ฐ€ย ํ† ์ง€๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์—?ย ํ?ฐย ์?ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผย ๊ฐ–๋Š”๋‹ค.ย ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—?ย ๊ธ‰์†?ํžˆย ํŒฝ์ฐฝํ•œย ์ฃผํƒ?์‹œ์žฅ์—?ย ๋ชฐ๋ฆฐย ํˆฌ์ž?์‚ฌ,ย ๊ฑด์„ค์‚ฌย ๋“ฑ๊ณผย ๊ณตํ†ต์?˜ย ์?ดํ•ด๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผย ํ† ๋Œ€๋กœย ํ˜‘๋ ฅ์ ?ย ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผย ๋งบ์?€ย ๊ฒƒ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ด๋กœ์?จย ๋?„์‹œ์žฌ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์?€ย ๋?”ย ์?ด์ƒ?ย ๋ณต์ง€๋?ผ๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š”ย ์?ด์œค์ถ”๊ตฌ๋ฅผย ์œ„ํ•œย ์ˆ˜์?ต์‚ฌ์—…์?ดย ๋?œย ๊ฒƒ์?ด๋‹ค.ย  Continue reading

Book Review [In Korean]: Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia by Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill and Asato Saito

My fourth book review for the ย Korean daily newspaperย KyungHyang Daily. This time, I have selected <Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia> by Bae-Gyoon Park, Richard Child Hill and Asato Saito. Published on 24 May 2013.


2013๋…„ 5์›” 24์?ผ ๊ฒŒ์žฌ๋?œ ๋„ค๋ฒˆ์งธ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฌธ [ํ•ด์™ธ ์ฑ…] ์„œํ?‰.

๋?™์•„์‹œ์•„์—?์„œ ์‹ ์ž?์œ ์ฃผ์?˜ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ

Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia: Neoliberalizing Spaces in Developmental States

140519279820์„ธ๊ธฐ ์ค‘ํ›„๋ฐ˜ ์„ธ๊ณ„๊ฒฝ์ œ๋Š” ํŠน์?ดํ•œ ํ˜„์ƒ?์?„ ๋ชฉ๋?„ํ•œ๋‹ค. ์ €๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์?ด ๊ฒฝ์ œ์„ฑ์žฅ์?„ ๋ชป ์?ด๋ฃจ๊ณ ย ๋นˆ๊ณค์—? ํ—ˆ๋?•์?ผ ๋•Œ ์•„์‹œ์•„์?˜ ์?ผ๋ถ€ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋Š” ์‚ฐ์—…ํ™”, ๋?„์‹œํ™” ๋ฐ? ์ˆ˜์ถœ์ฃผ๋?„ํ˜• ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋‹ฌ์„ฑํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์„ฑ์žฅ์?˜ ๊ธฐ์ ?์?„ ์?ด๋ฃฌ ๊ฒƒ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ผ๋ณธ์?˜ ์ „ํ›„ย ๋ณต๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์„ค๋ช…ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋ถ„์„?ํ‹€๋กœ ๋“ฑ์žฅํ–ˆ๋?˜ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์ฃผ์?˜ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋ก ์?€ ํ•œ๊ตญ,ย ๋Œ€๋งŒ, ํ™?์ฝฉ, ์‹ฑ๊ฐ€ํ?ฌ๋ฅด ๋“ฑ์œผ๋กœ ๋Œ€๋ณ€๋?˜๋Š” โ€˜์•„์‹œ์•„ ๋„ค ๋งˆ๋ฆฌ ์šฉโ€™์?˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ ์‹ ํ™” ๋ถ„์„?์—?๋?„ ์ ?์šฉ๋?˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฐ˜๋ฉด 2์ฐจ ๋Œ€์ „ ์ง?ํ›„ ์ž‰ํƒœ๋?˜์–ด 1970๋…„ ์˜ค์?ผ ํŒŒ๋?™ ์?ดํ›„ ๋ณธ๊ฒฉ์ ?์œผ๋กœ ์ „ํŒŒ๋?œ ์‹ ์ž?์œ ์ฃผ์?˜๋Š” ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์ฃผ์?˜ ๋‹ด๋ก ์—? ์ž…๊ฐ?ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋?™์•„์‹œ์•„ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์—?๋?„ ํ?ฐ ์˜?ํ–ฅ์?„ ๋ฏธ์น˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๊ตญ์?˜ ์ง€๋ฆฌํ•™์ž? ๋ฐ•๋ฐฐ๊ท ,ย ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์?˜ย ์‚ฌํšŒํ•™์ž? ๋ฆฌ์ฒ˜๋“œ ์ฐจ์?ผ๋“œ ํž?, ์?ผ๋ณธ์?˜ ์ง€๋ฆฌํ•™์ž? ์•„์‚ฌํ†  ์‚ฌ์?ดํ†  ์„ธ ๋ช…์?ด ํŽธ์ €ํ•œ <๋?™์•„์‹œ์•„์—?์„œ ์‹ ์ž?์œ ์ฃผ์?˜ ์ฐพ๊ธฐ>(Locating Neoliberalism in East Asia)๋Š” ๋?™์•„์‹œ์•„์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์‹ ์ž?์œ ์ฃผ์?˜ ์˜?ํ–ฅ๋ ฅ์?„ ๊ณ ์ฐฐํ•˜๋ฉฐ, ํŠนํžˆ ๋?„์‹œ ๋ฐ? ์ง€์—ญ์ •์ฑ…์?„ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์œผ๋กœ ์?ผ๋ณธ, ํ•œ๊ตญ, ๋Œ€๋งŒ, ํ™?์ฝฉ, ์‹ฑ๊ฐ€ํ?ฌ๋ฅด,ย ๋ง?๋ ˆ์?ด์‹œ์•„, ํƒœ๊ตญ ์‚ฌ๋ก€๋ฅผ ๋‹ค๋ฃฌ๋‹ค.

๋?™์•„์‹œ์•„์—?์„œ ๋ฐœํ˜„ํ•œ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์ฃผ์?˜๋Š” ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์ฃผ๋?„ํ˜• ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์„ฑ์žฅ์?˜ ๋?™๋ ฅ์?ด ๋?œ๋‹ค๋Š” ์?ด๋?ฐ์˜ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋กœ์„œ ์ค‘์•™ ๊ณ„ํš?, ๊ณต๊ณต๋ถ€๋ฌธ ํ™•์žฅ ๋ฐ? ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ ๊ณ„ํš? ์ถ”์ง„ ๋“ฑ์?„ ํ†ตํ•œ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฒฝ์ œ ๋ฐœ์ „์?„ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๋กœ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํ•œํŽธ ์‹ ์ž?์œ ์ฃผ์?˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ์ ?์†Œ์œ  ๋ฐ? ์‹œ์žฅ ๊ฒฝ์Ÿ?์?„ ํ†ตํ•ด ์ž?์œ ๋กœ์šด ๊ฐœ์?ธ์?˜ ์?ด์?ต ์‹คํ˜„ ์ถ”๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌํšŒ ๋ถ€์?˜ ์ฆ?๋Œ€๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์˜จ๋‹ค๋Š” ์?ด๋?ฐ์˜ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ๋กœ์„œ, ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์—? ์?˜ํ•œ ์‹œ์žฅ ๊ฐœ์ž…์?„ ์ตœ์†Œํ™”ํ•˜๋ ค ํ•œ๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์งˆ์„œ๋ฅผ ์žฌํŽธํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์˜คํžˆ๋ ค ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์?˜ ์—ญํ• ์?€ ์ฆ?๋Œ€ํ•˜๋Š”๋?ฐ, ์?ด๋Š” ํ†ต์น˜์ œ๋?„์?˜ ์ •๋น„, ๊ณต๊ถŒ๋ ฅ ํ™•๋Œ€, ๊ณต๊ณต์งˆ์„œ ๊ตฌํ˜„ ๋ฐ? ๋ฒ• ์ฒด์ œ ์ •๋น„์™€ ๊ฐ™์?€ ๊ทœ์ œ ์ •์ฑ…์?˜ ์‹ค์‹œ๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ•ด ๋“œ๋Ÿฌ๋‚œ๋‹ค.

์?ด ์ฑ…์—?์„œ์?˜ ์ฃผ๋?œ ๋ฌธ์ œ์?˜์‹?์?€ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์ฃผ์?˜๊ฐ€ ์„ธ๊ณ„ํ™”์—? ๋”ฐ๋?ผ ์‹ ์ž?์œ ์ฃผ์?˜๋กœ ๋Œ€์ฒด๋?˜์—ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋‹จ์ˆœํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์?ดํ•ดํ•˜๊ธฐ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ์?ด ๋‘˜์?ด ์ƒ?ํ˜ธ์ž‘์šฉ์—? ๋”ฐ๋?ผ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๋ฐœ์ „์ ? ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผ ํ˜•์„ฑํ•˜๋Š”์ง€์—? ๋งž์ถฐ ์žˆ๋‹ค. Continue reading

Book Review in Korean: Rebel Cities by David Harvey ๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„์?˜ <์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ>

I’ve been invited to contribute book reviews to a Korean daily newspaper calledย KyungHyang Daily. It’s going to be one book per month, and I presume it’s going to be also available on its online site. The first one I have chosen is David Harvey’s Rebel Cities (2012). The next one to come is Stephen Graham’s Cities under Siege (2011). The following is the original contribution in Korean that I sent to the newspaper.

3์›”๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฌธ์—? ์„œํ?‰์?„ ๊ธฐ๊ณ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋?˜์—ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•œ๋‹ฌ์—? ํ•œ๋ฒˆ ๊ธฐ๊ณ ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋?˜์—ˆ๋Š”๋?ฐ, ์ฒซ๋ฒˆ์งธ ์ฑ…์œผ๋กœ ์„ ์ •ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์?€ ๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„์?˜ <์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ> (Rebel Cities). ๋‹ค์?Œ์—?๋Š” Stephen Graham’s Cities under Siege (2011) – ์•„์ง? ํ•œ๊ธ€ ๋ฒˆ์—ญ ์ œ๋ชฉ์?„ ์•ˆ์ •ํ–ˆ๋‹ค. ์•„๋ž˜ ๊ธ€์?€ ๊ฒฝํ–ฅ์‹ ๋ฌธ์—? ๊ธฐ๊ณ ํ•œ ์›?๊ณ . 3์›” 2์?ผ์ž?๋กœ ์‹ค๋ฆด ์˜ˆ์ •์?ด๋‹ค.

์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œย (Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution),ย ๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„

๋?ฐ์?ด๋น„๋“œ ํ•˜๋น„(ํ˜„ ๋‰ด์š•์‹œ๋ฆฝ๋Œ€ ๊ต?์ˆ˜)๋Š” ์ง€๋ฆฌํ•™์ž?๋กœ ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•ด ๋ถ„๊ณผํ•™๋ฌธ์?„ ๋›ฐ์–ด๋„˜๋Š” ํ†ต์ฐฐ๋ ฅ์?„ ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜์œผ๋กœ ์˜ค๋žซ๋?™์•ˆ ๋น„ํŒ?์ ? ๊ด€์ ?์—?์„œ ๊ณต๊ฐ„์?˜ ์ •์น˜๊ฒฝ์ œํ•™์?„ ์ •๋ฆฝํ•˜๋Š” ๋?ฐ ํž˜์?„ ์?Ÿ์•„์™”๋‹ค.ย ์ตœ๊ทผ ๋“ค์–ด ๋งŒ๋‚œ ๊ทธ๋Š” ๋ถ€์ฉ? ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ณ€ํ˜?์?˜ ํ•„์š”์„ฑ๊ณผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•๋ก ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๊ณ ๋ฏผํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค.ย ๊ทธ์?˜ย 2012๋…„ ์‹ ์ž‘ย <์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ>๋Š” ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๊ณ ๋ฏผ์?˜ ์„ฑ๊ณผ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ด ์ฑ…์—?์„œ ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ณ€ํ˜?์?„ ๊ณ ๋ฏผํ•˜๋Š” ์„ธ๋ ฅ์—?๊ฒŒ ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ์?„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค.

Rebel_cities์ถœ๋ฐœ์ ?์?€ย โ€˜์ž?๋ณธ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œํ™”โ€™๋?ผ๋Š” ๊ด€์ ?์—?์„œ ๋ณธ ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?๊ณผ ๋?„์‹œํ™”์?˜ ์?˜์กด์ ? ๊ด€๊ณ„์?ด๋‹ค.ย ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ๋?„์‹œํ™”๋ฅผ ๋‹จ์ง€ ์ด? ์?ธ๊ตฌ ๋Œ€๋น„ ๋?„์‹œ์?ธ๊ตฌ์?˜ ์ฆ?๊ฐ€ ํ˜„์ƒ?์?ด ์•„๋‹Œ,ย ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?์?˜ ์ค‘์š” ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ ์?ดํ•ดํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ์ฆ‰,ย ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜ ๋ฐœ์ „๊ณผ์ •์—?์„œ ์ดˆ๋ž˜๋?˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ž‰์ถ•์ ? ์œ„๊ธฐ์?˜ ์ฃผ์š” ํ•ด์†Œ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ์?จ ๋ถ€๋?™์‚ฐ ๋ฐ? ๊ฐ?์ข… ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜์‹œ์„ค์?„ ํ?ฌํ•จํ•œ ๊ณ ์ •์ž?๋ณธ,ย ๊ณต๊ฐ„์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํˆฌ์ž?๊ฐ€ ์?ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ง„๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ด€์ ?์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์?ด ๊ณผ์ •์?€ ํ•„์—ฐ์ ?์œผ๋กœ ์›?๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ˆ˜ํƒˆ,ย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ์•ฝ์ž?์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํ†ต์ œ์™€ ์–ต์••์?„ ๋?™๋ฐ˜ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋ถ€์?˜ ์†Œ์ˆ˜ ์ง‘์ค‘์?„ ์•ผ๊ธฐํ•œ๋‹ค.

[์ €ํ•ญ์?˜ ๋?„์‹œ]๊ฐ€ ์ œ๊ธฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ทผ๋ณธ ์งˆ๋ฌธ์?€ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ์?˜ ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ์—ฐ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•ด ๋‚ผ ๊ฒƒ์?ธ๊ฐ€,ย ๋?„์‹œ์‚ฌํšŒ์šด๋?™์?˜ ๊ธฐ์—ฌ์™€ ์—ญํ• ์?€ ๋ฌด์—‡์?ธ๊ฐ€ ๋“ฑ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ํ˜„๋Œ€ ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?์—? ์žˆ์–ด์„œ๋Š” ์ƒ?์‚ฐํ˜„์žฅ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋?„์‹œํ™” ์ž?์ฒด๊ฐ€ ๋?”์šฑ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ์ž‰์—ฌ ์ฐฝ์ถœ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์?ด๋ฏ€๋กœ ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ €ํ•ญ ์—ญ์‹œ ๊ด‘๋ฒ”์œ„ํ•œ ๋?„์‹œ์‚ฌํšŒ์šด๋?™์?„ ํ†ตํ•ด ์?ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ ธ์•ผ ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™๋?„ ์?ด์—? ๊ฒฐํ•ฉํ•ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์–˜๊ธฐํ•œ๋‹ค.

์—ฌ๊ธฐ์„œย โ€˜๋?„์‹œ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌโ€™ (Right to the City),ย ์ฆ‰ย โ€˜๋?„์‹œ๊ถŒโ€™์?˜ ์ค‘์š”์„ฑ์?ด ๊ฐ•์กฐ๋?œ๋‹ค.ย ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜์—?์„œ ๋?„์‹œํ™”๋Š” ๋‹ค์ˆ˜์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ์ฐฉ์ทจ๊ฐ€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์†Œ์ˆ˜ ๋?…์ ?์?„ ๊ฐ•ํ™”ํ•˜๋Š” ์ชฝ์œผ๋กœ ์?ด๋ค„์ง„๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋ณธ๋‹ค.ย ๋?„์‹œ๊ถŒ์?€ ์?ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์ฐฉ์ทจ์™€ ๋ถˆํ?‰๋“ฑ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋ฅผ ํƒ€๊ฐœํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋?„์‹œ๋ฏผ์?˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์žฅ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ์ฃผ๋ฏผ์?˜์‚ฌ์—? ์—ญํ–‰ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฐ•์ œ์ฒ ๊ฑฐ,ย ๊ฐ•์ œ์?ด์ฃผ ๋“ฑ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋ฟ? ์•„๋‹ˆ๋?ผ,ย ์น˜์†Ÿ๋Š” ์ง‘์„ธ์—? ์œ„ํ˜‘๋ฐ›๋Š” ๋?„์‹œ๋ฏผ์?˜ ์ฃผ๊ฑฐ๊ถŒ,ย ๊ฐ?์ข… ์ง€๋ฐฐ์?ด๋?ฐ์˜ฌ๋กœ๊ธฐ์—? ์–ต์••๋ฐ›๋Š” ์„ฑ์†Œ์ˆ˜์ž?,ย ์—ด์•…ํ•œ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์?˜ ์?ด์ฃผ๋…ธ๋?™์ž?,ย ๋น„์ •๊ทœ ๋…ธ๋?™์ž?๋“ค์?˜ ์?ธ๊ฐ„๋‹ค์šด ์‚ถ์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์žฅ์?„ ํ?ฌํ•จํ•œ๋‹ค.

์?ด๊ฐ™์?€ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์žฅ์?€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์žฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ ์š”๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜๋ฐ˜ํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋งˆ๋ จ์?ด๋‹ค.ย ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜,ย ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ๋‹จ์ˆœํ•œ ๋ถ€์?˜ ์žฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๋งŒ์œผ๋กœ๋Š” ๊ทผ๋ณธ์ ? ๋ฌธ์ œ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์?ด ํž˜๋“ค๋ฉฐ,ย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์ƒ?์‚ฐ ๋ฐ? ํ™œ์šฉ๊ณผ์ • ์ „๋ฐ˜์—? ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ ? ํ†ต์ œ๊ฐ€ ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋ฏฟ๋Š”๋‹ค.ย ๋ฏผ์ฃผ์ ? ํ†ต์ œ๋ฅผ ์‹คํ˜„ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ๊ธฐ์กด ๋ณ€ํ˜?์šด๋?™,ย ๋จผ์ € ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™์?˜ ์—ญํ•  ์žฌ์ •๋ฆฝ์?ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค.ย ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜ ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์—?๋Š” ์ƒ?์‚ฐํ˜„์žฅ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์?˜ ๋…ธ๋?™๊ณ„๊ธ‰ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์?ด ์žˆ์–ด ์™”๋‹ค.ย ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜,ย ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ์ž‰์—ฌ๊ฐ€์น˜์?˜ ์ƒ?์‚ฐ์?ด ์ƒ?์‚ฐ๋…ธ๋?™ ํ˜„์žฅ๋ฟ? ์•„๋‹ˆ๋?ผ ๋ถ€๋?™์‚ฐ ํˆฌ๊ธฐ,ย ๊ณ ์ •์ž?๋ณธ ํ™•์žฅ,ย ์ž?์›? ๋?…์ ?,ย ๊ฑฐ์ฃผ๋ฏผ ์ˆ˜ํƒˆ ๋“ฑ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ํ˜•ํƒœ๋กœ ์?ด๋ค„์ง€๋Š” ํ˜„๋Œ€์‚ฌํšŒ์—?์„œ ๋…ธ๋?™๊ณ„๊ธ‰ํˆฌ์Ÿ?์?ด ์—ฌ์ „ํžˆ ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ณ€ํ˜?์šด๋?™์?˜ ์ค‘์‹ฌ์?ด ๋?˜์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์—? ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ์?˜๋ฌธ์?„ ํ‘œํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ํ˜„๋Œ€ ์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ํ˜•ํƒœ์?˜ ์ˆ˜ํƒˆ,ย ๋?…์ ? ๋“ฑ์?„ ํ†ตํ•ด ์?ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ง„๋‹ค๋ฉด,ย ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ ์šด๋?™ ์—ญ์‹œ ์?ด ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ๊ฒฝ๋กœ๋“ค์?„ ํ?ฌ๊ด„ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์–ด์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค.ย ๋”ฐ๋?ผ์„œ ํ•˜๋น„๋Š” ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™,ย ์ง€์—ญ์šด๋?™ ๋ฐ? ์‹œ๋ฏผ์šด๋?™์?˜ ์ƒ?์‹œ์ ? ์—ฐ๋Œ€์™€ ์?ด์—? ๊ธฐ๋ฐ˜ํ•œ ์ €ํ•ญ ์ฆ‰ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ ๋?„์‹œํ˜?๋ช…์?˜ ํ•„์š”์„ฑ์?„ ์ œ์ฐฝํ•œ๋‹ค.

ํ•˜๋น„์?˜ ์ฃผ์žฅ์?€ ๋?„์‹œํ™”์œจ์?ดย 90%ย ์?ด์ƒ?์?ธ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋?ผ์—?์„œ ์ž?๋ณธ์ถ•์ ?์?˜ ํ??ํ•ด๋ฅผ ๊ทน๋ณต์ฝ”์ž? ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ์ฃผ์?˜ ์šด๋?™์?ด ์–ด๋–ป๊ฒŒ ์ „๊ฐœ๋?ผ์•ผ ํ•  ๊ฒƒ์?ธ์ง€ ์‹œ์‚ฌ์ ?์?„ ๋?˜์ ธ์ค€๋‹ค.ย ๋น„์ •๊ทœ,ย ์ž„์‹œ,ย ํ•˜์ฒญ์ง?์?ด ๊ธฐํ˜•์ ?์œผ๋กœ ๋น„๋Œ€ํ•ด์ง€๊ณ ,ย ๋Œ€๊ธฐ์—…์?˜ ์šฐ์›”์ ? ์ง€์œ„๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ•ํ™”๋?œ ์ƒ?ํ™ฉ์—?์„œ ์†Œ๊ทœ๋ชจ ์‚ฌ์—…์žฅ,ย ๋น„์ •๊ทœ,ย ์ž„์‹œ ์?ผ์šฉ์ง?,ย ์?ด์ฃผ๋…ธ๋?™์ž? ๋“ฑ๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ จ๋?œ ์?˜์ œ๋“ค์?„ ํ?ญ๋„“๊ฒŒ ์„ค์ •ํ•˜์—ฌ,ย ์‹œ๋ฏผ๊ถŒ์—? ๊ธฐ์ดˆํ•œ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ ? ๋ถ€์?˜ ์žฌ๋ถ„๋ฐฐ๋ฟ? ์•„๋‹ˆ๋?ผ ํ•œ์ธต ๊ตฌ์กฐ์ ?์?ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ,ย ์ฆ‰ ์ž?๋ณธ ์ถ•์ ?์?ด ์?ด๋?„๋Š” ๋?„์‹œํ™” ํ??ํ•ด์—? ๊ด€์‹ฌ์?„ ๊ธฐ์šธ์?ด๋ฉฐ,ย ๋…ธ๋?™์šด๋?™,ย ์ง€์—ญ์šด๋?™,ย ์‹œ๋ฏผ์šด๋?™์?ด ์ •์น˜์„ธ๋ ฅํ™”๋งŒ์?„ ์œ„ํ•œ ์?ผ์‹œ์ ? ๋˜?๋Š” ์‚ฌ์•ˆ๋ณ„ ์—ฐ๋Œ€์—?์„œ ๋ฒ—์–ด๋‚˜ ์ƒ?์‹œ์ ?์?ธ ๋ฐ˜์ž?๋ณธ ์—ฐ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ์?ด๋ค„์•ผ ํ•  ํ•„์š”์„ฑ ๋“ฑ์?ด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์?ด๋‹ค.