New book chapter on the fallacy of Songdo (Smart) City, South Korea

9780415745512Great to see the publication of my chapter “Envisioned by the state: Entrepreneurial urbanism and the making of Songdo City, South Korea” in this new edited volume Mega-urbanization in the Global South: Fast Cities and New Urban Utopias of the Postcolonial State, edited by . In: Ayona Datta and Abdul Shaban. I look forward to receiving its printed copy.

For viewing the Word version and its download, please click here.

Below is an excerpt from the chapter’s introduction:

So much has been said about Songdo City in recent years in both academic and practitioner circles. International media has also taken part to inflate the reputation of Songdo City, hailed initially as an eco-city, then as a ubiquitous city (or U-city) and now a smart city (Shwayri, 2013; Shin, Park and Sonn, forthcoming; Kim, 2010). The New York Times went even further to dub it “Korea’s High-Tech Utopia” (O’Connell, 2005). Sometimes its own promotional material puts all these together and simply refers to Songdo as an eco-friendly ubiquitous smart city (IFEZ Authority, 2007). Governments elsewhere see Songdo as a reference for their own mega-projects to create a brand new city from the scratch (see El Telégrafo, 2012 for example on the construction of Yachay City in Ecuador). However, Songdo has come to cater exclusively for the needs of domestic and global investors as well as the rich who have financial resources to grab upmarket real estate properties. It may indeed be an urban utopia, built on a reclaimed tabula rasa and promoted by the state, merging together technological innovation, fixed assets investment, real estate speculation and financialisation, for exclusive use of the rich and the powerful.

 

 

New special issue on ‘Developmentalist Urbanisation and Gentrification’ from Space and Society, a Korean academic journal

A quick announcement in Korean with regard to the publication of a journal special issue on “Developmentalist Urbanisation and Gentrification” guested edited by myself and published in Korean by the journal Space and Society.

공간과 사회 26권 3호 ‘발전주의 도시화와 젠트리피케이션’ 특집호가 얼마전 발간되었습니다. 특집호 제목은 “발전주의 도시화와 젠트리피케이션”입니다. 발간 논문 목록은 아래와 같습니다. 객원편집은 제가 하였지만, 원고를 기고해주시고 투고 원고 리뷰해주신 분들의 노력으로 가능한 특집호 입니다. 모두에게 감사드립니다. 전 과정에서 많은 격려와 도움 주신 InKwon Park 편집위원장님께도 감사드립니다.

이번 특집호에는 Takeout Drawing에서의 저항 경험을 분석한 두 개의 글이 실렸습니다. 객원편집위원을 비롯한 모든 필진들이 테이크아웃드로잉에 다양한 방식으로 함께 했었기에 어떤 의미에선 이번 특집호가 테이크아웃드로잉 헌정호라고 할 수도 있겠습니다.

특집호에 실린 모든 글들이 한국에서의 젠트리피케이션 저항 운동에 조금이라도 도움이 되기를 바랍니다. 주변에도 널리 소개해주시길 부탁드립니다.

논문을 원하시는 분들은 공간과 사회 온라인 사이트에서 (https://kaser.jams.or.kr) 원고 받으실 수 있지만, 접속이 어려우신 분들은 제게 또는 개별 필자에게 별도 메시지 주십시오. 그리고, 제 편집의 글은 아래 링크에서 다운 받으실 수 있습니다.

  • 신현방 (2016) 편집의 글: 발전주의 도시화와 젠트리피케이션, 그리고 저항의 연대. 공간과 사회 26(3): 5-14. URL: http://urbancommune.net/…/Shin-2016-발전주의도시화와젠트리피케이션_KCI_FI0…
  • 김지윤, 이선영 (2016) 도시형 재난과 문화적 저항: 테이크아웃드로잉의 안티-젠트리피케이션 운동을 중심으로. 공간과 사회 26(3): 15-41
  • Yoonai Han (2016) 도시공유재의 인클로저와 테이크아웃드로잉의 반란적 공유 실천 운동. 공간과 사회 26(3): 42-76
  • Hyunjoon Shin (2016) ‘청년’과 ‘동포’ 사이의 도시재생과 문화예술 구로의 산업적 젠트리피케이션/전치와 그 배후의 장소만들기. 공간과 사회 26(3): 77-114
테이크아웃드로잉, 2016년 어느 여름 (c) Hyun Bang Shin

테이크아웃드로잉, 2016년 어느 여름 (c) Hyun Bang Shin

“Planetary Gentrification” authors-meet-Critics session at RGS-IBG annual conference 2016

PlanetaryGentrification-CoverVisualI am very much looking forward to this ‘authors-meet-critics’ session at this year’s RGS-IBG annual conference, featuring my co-authored book Planetary Gentrification.

The session is to be convened and chaired by Professor Ronan Paddision (University of Glasglow), and sees the contributions from three critics, Professor David Ley (The University of British Columbia), Dr Andy Merrifield and Dr Kate Maclean (Birkbeck, University of London). All three authors are also going to be present (Ernesto via Skype connection).

The session is sponsored by the journal Urban Studies, and is followed by a drink reception in the Drayson Room from 18.45.

 

235 Authors meet critics: Planetary gentrification
Convenor(s) Ronan Paddison (University of Glasgow, UK)
Chair(s) Ronan Paddison (University of Glasgow, UK)
Timetable Thursday 01 September 2016, Session 4 (16:50 – 18:30)
Room RGS-IBG Ondaatje Theatre
Session abstract At the beginning of the C21st proclamations rang out that gentrification had gone global, this book critically evaluates that assumption. Drawing on the ‘new’ comparative urbanism and writings on planetary urbanization the book argues that gentrification is one of the most significant and socially unjust processes affecting cities world-wide today. Looking beyond the usual gentrification suspects in Euro-America, towards ‘non-Western cities’ in the Global South and East, the authors undertake a much needed transurban learning underpinned by a critical political economy approach. The book shows that gentrification has unfolded at a planetary scale, but it has not assumed a North to South or West to East trajectory, it is much more complex than that. Rich with empirical detail, yet wide-ranging, Planetary Gentrification unhinges, unsettles, and provincializes Western notions of urban development. The book is invaluable to urban scholars interested in the Future of Cities and the production of a truly global urban studies, and to all those committed to social justice in cities. Sponsored by Urban Studies

 

New publication: Introduction to a special issue on Latin American gentrifications

Finally, it’s with great pleasure to be able to announce the forthcoming special issue on Latin American gentrifications. This is part of the collective project that I have been working on with Loretta Lees and Ernesto López-Morales. Previous outputs included a co-edited volume Global Gentrifications: Uneven Development and Displacement, a co-authored monograph Planetary Gentrification, and a special issue from Urban Studies “Locating gentrification in the Global East“. The forthcoming special issue from the journal Urban Geography marks the conclusion of our project, and the following is the co-authored introduction to the special issue:

López-Morales, E., Shin, H.B. and Lees, L. (2016) Introduction: Latin American gentrifications. Urban Geography. DOI: 10.1080/02723638.2016.1200335
ABSTRACT
Currently, Latin American cities are seeing simultaneous processes of reinvestment and redevelopment in their historic central areas. These are not just mega-scale interventions like Porto Maravilha in Rio or Puerto Madero in Buenos Aires or the luxury renovations seen in Santa Fé or Nueva Polanco in Mexico City, they also include state-led, piecemeal, high-rise interventions in Santiago, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Panamá and Bogotá, all of which are causing the displacement of original populations and thus are forms of gentrification. Until very recently, these processes have been under-conceptualized and little critiqued in Latin America, but they deserve careful scrutiny, along with new forms of neighbourhood organization, activism and resistance. In this introduction, we begin that task, drawing on the work begun in an Urban Studies Foundation-funded workshop on Global Gentrification held in Santiago, Chile in 2012. Our aim is not just to understand these urban changes and conflicts as gentrification, but to empirically test the applicability of a generic understanding of gentrification beyond the usual narratives of/from the global North. From this investigation, we hope to nurture new critical narratives, to engage sensitively with indigenous theoretical narratives and to understand the dialectical interplay between state policies, financial markets, local politics and people. The papers in this special issue deal with the core issues of state power and urban policies (exerted at metropolitan and neighbourhood scales), the enormous influx of financial investment in derelict neighbourhoods that produces exclusion and segregation, the significant loss of urban heritage from rapidly “renewing” neighbourhoods and the institutional arrangements that can enable anti-displacement activism and self-managed social housing production.

The rest of the papers in this special issue are as follows:

Republication of my Urban Spectacles paper in Alternative Sud

wp-1458993492863.jpg

arton4063I am pleased to see the printed version of a new special issue from Alternative Sud, a quarterly publication by CETRI based in Belgium. The special issue on Sport and Globalisation includes a reprinted paper of mine, “Spectacles urbains, méga-événements sportifs et inégalités en Chine”. This was originally published in the journal City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action (to view the original paper, please go to the journal web site or click here). Many thanks to the editorial team at Alternative Sud for bringing the papers together and thinking of me for inclusion in the special issue. Also thanks a lot to the management team at Routledge for kindly supporting the reprinting.

Abstract in French: En Chine, la promotion de grands spectacles urbains et de méga-événements sportifs repose sur un discours de « société harmonieuse ». La propagande nationaliste qui les accompagne vise à créer un sentiment d’unité et à apaiser le mécontentement sociopolitique provoqué par les inégalités, les tensions ethniques et la fracture entre les mondes urbain et rural. Une stratégie de déplacement des problèmes plutôt que de résolution de ceux-ci.

More details about the CETRI is as follows:

The Tricontinental Centre (CETRI), is a Non-Governmental Organisation founded in 1976 and based in Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium). CETRI is committed to study, publications and training in issues of development and North-South relations. Its main aim is to provide a transmission channel for the voices of the South and contribute to a critical examination of the dominant conceptions and practices of development in the era of neo-liberal globalisation. Emphasis is on understanding and discussing the role of social and political actors in the South in their struggle for social, political, cultural and ecological rights.

A short column in Korean on Gentrification: Whose City?

Having heard about a talk that I gave at The Hope Institute (see the summary of the talk here; also my contribution to The Hope Institute blog here), an editor of a magazine called Monthly Coffee asked me if it’s alright for them to publish a one-page summary of my talk. Then, I literally re-wrote it, and it’s out now as shown in the attached JPG file. Come to think of it, given the preponderance of instances of commercial gentrification affecting a number of small cafes and art spaces in Seoul, I would have given a ‘lighter touch’ and a different take on the column if I were given more time. In the column, I tried to emphasise the importance for all citizens to realise that gentrification is non-discriminatory for most citizens, and that most of us are compelled to live a life of nomads (as displacees and being under constant displacement pressure) under gentrification as urban disaster. The nomad and disaster analogies come from my earlier encounters with TakeoutDrawing in Itaewon, Seoul, which has been launching an inspirational fight against its landlord (Psy, the pop singer) to resist displacement pressure.

046 커피칼럼.indd

Publication of a journal special issue on Locating Gentrification in the Global East

USJ-53-3-2016I am delighted to see the publication of the following special issue on Locating Gentrification in the Global East from Urban Studies as Volume 53, Issue 3. You may find the table of contents and all the papers on this page: http://usj.sagepub.com/content/53/3.toc (also see below). The abstract for the guest editors’ introduction provides some key thoughts behind this special issue:
This special issue, a collection of papers presented and debated at an Urban Studies Foundation-funded workshop on Global Gentrification in London in 2012, attempts to problematise contemporary understandings of gentrification, which is all too often confined to the experiences of the so-called Global North, and sometimes too narrowly understood as classic gentrification. Instead of simply confirming the rise of gentrification in places outside of the usual suspects of North America and Western Europe, a more open-minded approach is advocated so as not to over-generalise distinctive urban processes under the label of gentrification, thus understanding gentrification as constitutive of diverse urban processes at work. This requires a careful attention to the complexity of property rights and tenure relations, and calls for a dialogue between gentrification and non-gentrification researchers to understand how gentrification communicates with other theories to capture the full dynamics of urban transformation. Papers in this special issue have made great strides towards these goals, namely theorising, distorting, mutating and bringing into question the concept of gentrification itself, as seen from the perspective of the Global East, a label that we have deliberately given in order to problematise the existing common practices of grouping all regions other than Western European and North American ones into the Global South.
This project has been a long and persistent endeavour, and it is the greatest pleasure for me, Loretta and Ernesto as guest editors to be able to see the project coming to fruition. All the contributions are empirically rich and theoretically insightful. It is the belief of the guest editors that this special issue would make a substantial contribution to the contemporary debates on gentrification and urbanisation as well as broader discussions in (comparative) urban studies and urban geography of Asia and the Global South.
The publication of this special issue coincides nicely with another book, Planetary Gentrification, which has just been released from Polity Press (http://www.polity.co.uk/book.asp?ref=9780745671642). The book coauthored by the guest editors builds upon a wide range of contemporary literature on urban processes in both the Global South and North. What we learnt from the contributions to this special issue have greatly enriched our arguments in this book.

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젠트리피케이션 없는 세상 꿈꾸기 (Dreaming about a world without gentrification)

지난 해 10월부터 12월 사이 두 차례 한국을 방문하였고, 지내는 동안 젠트리피케이션을 화두로 많은 만남을 가졌습니다. 앞서 가졌던 고민의 깊이가 더욱 깊어졌고, 답답하고 아픈 현실에 마음 아팠지만 수 많은 실천의 몸짓을 통해 긍정의 에너지도 얻었습니다. 앞으로 해야할 일을 생각하며 신발끈을 다시 고쳐 맵니다. 아래 글은 희망제작소 (http://www.makehope.org) 에 초청기고한 것 입니다. 희망제작소 웹페이지에 게시한 글은 다음 링크 참조하세요: http://www.makehope.org/?p=30803

This is a short commentary contributed to an NGO based in Seoul, South Korea. I visited Seoul on two occasions between October and December 2015, had an opportunity to meet many people and organisations to talk about gentrification in Seoul, what damages it brings to people and neighbourhoods, and what we can do about it. It had been a very thought-provoking experience, with a lot to think about to make a difference in the future by working in solidarity with many who are already making a difference in their own place.


 

젠트리피케이션 없는 세상 꿈꾸기

신현방 (런던정경대 지리환경학과 부교수)

2015년 서울은 한국 젠트리피케이션 논쟁에서 의미있게 기억될 것입니다. 우선, 지자체가 젠트리피케이션으로 인한 임차상인의 피해를 줄이기 위해 적극적으로 개입을 시작한 해입니다. 9월 23일 성동구에서 ‘서울시 성동구 지역공동체 상호협력 및 지속가능발전구역 지정에 관한 조례’를 선포하였으며, 곧이어 두 달 뒤 11월 23일에는 서울시에서 성동구 조례를 참조하고 발전시켜 ‘젠트리피케이션을 막기 위한 종합대책’을 발표하였습니다. Continue reading

Planetary Gentrification (@politybooks, 2016), a first advanced author copy arrived

In my previous post in August 2015, I was happy to note the confirmation of the cover visual of my new book co-authored with Loretta Lees and Ernesto Lopez-Morales. I am pleased that the book Planetary Gentrification is just published and my first advanced author copy has arrived today!

IMG_20160114_142840

IMG_20160114_142924

 

 

It is great to have this publication made available in January, coinciding nicely with the forthcoming publication of a special issue on Locating Gentrification in the Global East from the journal Urban Studies next month (February). The introduction to this special issue is available here: journal’s online first page and its Word version on the LSE site.

Below is the description of the book and reviews as displayed on the publisher’s web page.

Description

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Republication of “Unequal Cities of Spectacle and Mega-events in China” in French

Pleased to confirm that a paper of mine, entitled Unequal Cities of Spectacle and Mega-events in China and originally published in 2012 from the journal CITY, is going to be republished in French from the journal Alternatives Sud (AS) in March 2016. The republication is part of the journal’s themed issue on globalisation of sport,  with a focus on mega-events and their implications on developing/emergings countries and populations.

The journal Alternatives Sud is part of the activities by the Centre tricontinental (CETRI), a progressive research centre founded in 1976 in Belgium. According to the centre, it now aims to:

“promote a better understanding of the North-South/South-South relations and problems and to contribute to critical analysis of the dominant concepts and practices of development in the context of the neo-liberal globalisation. It is particularly supportive of understanding and discussing the role of social and political actors in the South who are fighting for the recognition of social, political, cultural and environmental rights.”

If you are interested in reading the full paper, you may visit the journal’s web site or here.