<작은것이 아름답다> 2017년 12월호 기고글: “어떻게 덜 소유하고 함께 정주할 것인가”. A new essay entitled “Owning less and sharing together to co-habit”

I was invited to contribute an essay to a monthly magazine in South Korea, as part of its theme on ‘apartment forest 1980-2017’, which was to reflect on the urban forms resulted from Korea’s condensed urbanisation and vertical urbanism/accumulation (for vertical accumulation, see my own essay here). The essay was entitled “Owning less and sharing together to co-habit“.

<작은것이 아름답다> 255호 특집 [아파트숲 보고서 1980-2017] (http://jaga.or.kr/?p=10612&ckattempt=1) 에 기고했던 “어떻게 덜 소유하고 함께 정주할 것인가”를 공유합니다. @jaga_green@PRESSIAN_news가 기사공유를 하고 있어서 덕분에 기고문 원문을 나눌 수 있게 되었네요. 프레시안에서 편집하면서 원제목을 부제로 바꾸었습니다.

http://www.pressian.com/news/article.html?no=180427 

세상에 ‘좋은 젠트리피케이션’은 없다

우리 사회는 철저하게 소유자 중심 사회다. 도시 주거공간의 변화가 오로지 소유자 이익을 위해 일방통행으로 이뤄지는 탓에 주민들의 오랜 정주성이 파괴된다. 도시 공간 변화가 사회구성원의 평화롭고 평등한 공존을 애초 어렵게 만든다. 어떻게 공존의 가치를 앞세우고 덜 소유하며 함께 정주할 것인가. 정주성을 빼앗는 소유자 중심 일방통행 최근 빈민지역운…

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New article: Urban Movements and the Genealogy of Urban Rights Discourses in South Korea

My article on the genealogy of urban rights discourses in Korea has finally been published by the Annals of the American Association of Geographers. This has been a product of what I have been working on in recent years, especially between 2011 and 2015, and aims to interpret the long history of urban movements in Korea against the back drop of the political economy of speculative urbanisation.

도시운동과 도시 권리 담론의 역사를 다룬 새 논문이 미국지리학회지에서 출간되었습니다. 2011-2015년 사이 한국을 다니며 수행했던 인터뷰와 문헌조사 등을 토대로 투기적 도시화의 정치경제학 측면에서 한국 도시운동의 역사를 분석하고 앞으로의 방향을 모색해보고자 했습니다.

Shin, Hyun Bang (2017): Urban Movements and the Genealogy of Urban Rights Discourses: The Case of Urban Protesters against Redevelopment and Displacement in Seoul, South Korea, Annals of the American Association of Geographers, DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2017.1392844
http://www.tandfonline.com/…/…/10.1080/24694452.2017.1392844

Abstract:

Despite significant contributions made to progressive urban politics, contemporary debates on cities and social justice are in need of adequately capturing the local historical and sociopolitical processes of how people have come to perceive the concept of rights in their struggles against the hegemonic establishments. These limitations act as constraints on overcoming hegemony imposed by the ruling class on subordinate classes and restrict a contextual understanding of such concepts as the right to the city in non-Western contexts, undermining the potential to produce locally tuned alternative strategies to build progressive and just cities. In this regard, this article discusses the evolving nature of urban rights discourses that were produced by urban protesters fighting redevelopment and displacement, paying particular attention to the experiences in Seoul that epitomized speculative urban accumulation under the (neoliberalizing) developmental state. Method-wise, the article makes use of archival records (protesters’ pamphlets and newsletters), photographs, and field research archives. The data are supplemented by the author’s in-depth interviews with former and current housing activists. The article argues that the urban poor have the capacity to challenge the state repression and hegemony of the ruling class ideology; that the urban movements such as the evictees’ struggles against redevelopment are to be placed in the broader contexts of social movements; that concepts such as the right to the city are to be understood against the rich history of place-specific evolution of urban rights discourses; and that cross-class alliance is key to sustaining urban movements.

尽管当代有关城市与社会正义的辩论, 已对激进的城市政治做出显着的贡献, 但仍需充份捕捉人们在与霸权形构的斗争中, 如何理解权益的概念之在地历史与社会过程。这些限制, 成为克服统治阶级对从属阶级施加的霸权之限囿, 并限缩了对非西方城市脉络中的城市权概念的脉络性理解, 且有损生产建立激进与正义城市的在地化另类策略之潜能。因此, 本文探讨由对抗再发展和迫迁的城市抗争者转变中的城市权论述, 并特别关注首尔——一个象徵着在 (新自由主义化的) 发展形国家中的投机性城市积累之地。研究方法上, 本文运用档案纪录 (抗争者的宣传手册和通讯) 、照片与田野研究档案。这些数据, 由作者对于先前与当下的居住倡议者所进行的深度访谈补充之。本文主张, 城市中的穷人, 具有挑战国家压迫和统治阶级意识形态霸权的能力; 诸如被驱逐者反抗再发展的斗争之城市运动, 必须被置放在更广泛的社会运动脉络中; 诸如城市权的概念, 必须相对于城市权论述在特定地方的丰富演变历史进行理解; 跨阶级的结盟, 则是维系城市运动的关键。

Pese a las contribuciones significativas que se aportan a la política urbana progresista, los debates contemporáneos sobre las ciudades y la justicia social claman porque se involucren también los procesos locales históricos y sociopolíticos acerca de cómo ha llegado la gente a percibir el concepto de los derechos en su lucha contra los establecimientos hegemónicos. Estas limitaciones actúan como obstáculos para vencer la hegemonía impuesta por la clase dominantes sobre las subordinadas, y restringen un entendimiento contextual de conceptos como el del derecho a la ciudad en contextos no occidentales, debilitando el potencial de producir estrategias alternativas localmente afinadas para construir ciudades progresistas y justas. A este respecto, este artículo discute la naturaleza evolutiva de los discursos sobre derechos urbanos que se originaron desde acciones de manifestantes urbanos contra el redesarrollo y el desplazamiento, prestando particular atención a las experiencias de Seúl que encarnaron la acumulación especulativa urbana bajo un estado desarrollista (neoliberalizador). En términos de método, el artículo hace uso de registros de archivo (panfletos de los manifestantes y boletines informativos), fotografías y archivos de investigación de campo. Esos datos fueron suplementados con entrevistas a profundidad del autor con activistas enfrentados al problema de vivienda, anteriores y actuales. El artículo arguye que los pobres urbanos están en capacidad de desafiar la represión estatal y la hegemonía ideológica de la clase dominante; que movimientos urbanos tales como las luchas de los desahuciados contra el redesarrollo deben ser ubicados dentro del más amplio contexto de los movimientos sociales; que conceptos por el estilo del derecho a la ciudad deben entenderse contra la rica historia de la evolución específicamente relacionada con lugar en los discursos sobe derechos urbanos; y que la alianza entre clases es clave para mantener los movimientos urbanos.

Key Words: displacementrights discoursesSeoulurban movementsurban protests

关键词:: 迫迁, 权益论述, 首尔, 城市运动, 城市抗议。

Palabras clave: desplazamiento, discursos sobre derechos, Seúl, movimientos urbanos, protestas urbanas