Short essay: The Geographies of Gentrification in East Asia, contributed to the IIAS Newsletter Vol.79, 2018

The International Institute for Asian Studies based in Leiden, the Netherlands, publishes The Newsletter three times a year to report on current affairs in Asia and connect academics with wider audience. The news from Northeast Asia in the Spring 2018 edition covers gentrification in East Asian cities, and features four pieces as below. My piece provided an overview of the geographies of gentrification in the region, while three other pieces contributed by Yoshihiro Fujitsuka, Seon Young Lee and Qinran Yang discuss each country case. It was pleasure to work with the section editor, Ilhong Ko, to put the contributors together to make this happen.

News from Northeast Asia, The Newsletter Vol.79, Spring 2018
(direct link: https://iias.asia/the-newsletter/article/news-northeast-asia-nl79)

Editorial: Gentrification in East Asian cities by Ilhong Ko
Read more

The geographies of gentrification in East Asia by Hyun Bang Shin
Read more

Deregulation policy and gentrification in Chuo Ward, Tokyo by Yoshihiro Fujitsuka
Read more

Resisting gentrification in South Korea by Seon Young Lee
Read more

State, global urbanism, and gentrification in Chengdu by Qinran Yang
Read more

New @CITYanalysis Special Feature on The Urban Process under Planetary Accumulation by Dispossession

Happy to see the new @CITYanalysis (Vol 22, No 1) special feature on The #Urban Process under #Planetary #Accumulation by #Dispossession, which I guest edited with Louis Moreno (Goldsmiths, University of London). Direct link to the issue here: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/ccit20/22/1?nav=tocList

The special feature has a wonderful collection of contributors, who are Alex Loftus (on Planetary Concerns), Matthew Gandy (on Cities in Deep Time: Bio-diversity, metabolic rift, and the urban question), Nasser Abourahme (on Of Monsters and Boomerangs: Colonial returns in the late liberal city), Ilse Helbrecht and Francesca Weber-Newth (on Recovering the Politics of Planning: Developer contributions and the contemporary housing question), Elvin K. Wyly and Jatinder K. Dhillon (on Planetary Kantsaywhere: Cognitive capitalist universities and accumulation by cognitive dispossession), and Louis Moreno (on Always Crashing in the Same City: Real estate, psychic capital and planetary desire).

The introduction to the special feature is available open access and can be accessed here: https://doi.org/10.1080/13604813.2018.1442067

The special feature introduced herein benefits from the discussions held during the double sessions on The Urban Process under Planetary Accumulation by Dispossession at the 2016 annual conference of the American Association of Geographers in San Francisco.

Urban Studies journal launches a new initiative, Editors’ Featured Articles

Earlier this month, the Urban Studies journal has announced the introduction of a new initiative called Editor’s Featured Articles (https://www.urbanstudiesonline.com/editors-featured-articles/). According to the journal, the new initiative:

makes popular and significant articles that have been recently published available on an open access basis. In addition, selective papers that are not yet in print but connect with the subject matter of these articles in interesting ways will also be available on an open access basis via the website. Featured articles will be updated every quarter.

For this launch, six papers were selected as featured articles. Two of them are on gentrification in Seoul, and one of them is my own paper (with Soo-hyun Kim) entitled The Developmental State, Speculative Urbanisation and the Politics of Displacement in Gentrifying Seoul

Very pleased to have this paper included in this new initiative.

신간 <안티 젠트리피케이션, 무엇을 할 것인가> 기념 행사 안내

2015년 12월에 구상, 작년 초가을 본격 추진했던 중요한 프로젝트 하나를 이번 한국 방문 기간에 맞추어 마무리합니다. 새로 나오는 <안티 젠트리피케이션, 무엇을 할 것인가>를 기념하기 위해 저자들을 모시고 두 번의 행사를 갖습니다. 이번 출장 동안 미처 찾아뵙지 못하고 연락도 제대로 못드린 점 너그러이 이해해주시길 부탁드리며, 시간 되시는 분들은 두 행사장 모두 또는 한 군데에서 뵐 수 있으면 좋겠습니다. 주변에 널리 알려주시길 부탁드리며, 책에도 관심 가져 주시길 부탁드립니다. 목차도 아래에 첨부합니다.

I am organising a book talk and a book symposium to mark the publication of an edited volume (in Korean), which I have been working on since last year. It’s entitled <Anti Gentrification: What is to be done>.

<안티 젠트리피케이션, 무엇을 할 것인가> (신현방 엮음; 도서출판 동녘)

11월 7일 Book Talk

장소: 테이크아웃드로잉 (서울시 용산구 녹사평대로 244)
시간: 7시
패널: 신현방, 달여리, 이채관, 이영범, 전은호, 최소연
 

11월 8일 Book Symposium

장소: 경희대학교 서울캠퍼스 경영대학 대강의실 (오비스홀 지상1층 111호)
시간: 3시
사회: 지상현
패널: 신현방, 김상철, 신현준, 이강훈, 정용택, 조성찬, 최소연
 
안티젠트리피케이션-포스터-웹용2 안티젠트리피케이션-포스터-웹용1

<안티 젠트리피케이션, 무엇을 할 것인가>

(신현방 엮음; 도서출판 동녘)
 
1장 안티 젠트리피케이션, 무엇을 할 것인가_신현방
2장 문제는강제퇴거:인간의존엄을박탈하는폭력_미류
3장  재美난학교:재난현장이학교입니다_최소연
4장  영욕의도시,홍대앞:지킬것인가,불태울것인가_이채관
5장  미술생산자,신자유주의의’미생’?: 잘려나가는 서울에서 예술가와 젠트리피케이션_신현준
6장 젠트리피케이션, 그 보통의 장면_달여리
7장  2009-2017서울젠트리피케이션_정용택
8장 왜정부의임차상인보호정책은실패하는가: 투기를 부추기는 임차상인 대책 평가_김상철
9장 지방도시,소멸과축소그리고재생의갈림길_이영범
10장 젠트리피케이션과법제도의개선방향_이강훈
11장 내쫓김을 극복하기 위한 새로운 도전: 토지가치 공유형 지역자산화_조성찬
12장 젠트리피케이션의 대안, 토지의 본질 회복하기_전은호
 

‘안티 젠트리피케이션’ 운동은 더욱 계란으로 바위치기 하는 셈이 아닐까라는 우려가 들 수 있다. 그러나 젠트리피케이션을 막을 방법이 없다고 해서 ‘안티 젠트리피케이션’ 운동 자체가 아무 의미 없다고 할 수는 없다. 자본주의 체제의 폐해가 심하다고 해서, 자본주의 하에서 개혁ㆍ변혁운동은 아무 소용없는 일이라고 하지 않는 것과 같은 맥락이다. 오히려 이러한 운동에 더욱 매진해야 할 일이다. 젠트리피케이션으로 인한 폐해가 기존 토지 이용자의 쫓겨남이라면, 결국 ‘안티 젠트리피케이션’ 운동의 관건은 소극적으로는 이러한 쫓겨남을 방지할 수 있는 대책을 세우고, 경제적 지위에 상관없이 도시민 모두가 공존할 수 있는 다양성을 보장 받기 위한 제도의 마련에 있을 것이다. 이러한 공존을 위해 재개발ㆍ재건축 현장 등에서 버려지거나 소멸되는 각종 동식물에게도 ‘시민권’을 부여하는 것 역시 진지하게 생각해봐야 할 것이다. 좀 더 적극적인 의미에서의 ‘안티 젠트리피케이션’ 운동은 자본주의적 공간 생산 방식 자체를 새롭게 디자인 하는 것이라고 할 수 있다. 이를 위해서는 젠트리피케이션을 가능하게 하는, 부동산 지배 이데올로기에 맞설 대안 이데올로기의 생산과 지역공동체의 지속적 저항을 가능하게 하는 물질적ㆍ제도적 기반의 확보도 필요할 것이다. 그를 위한 운동은 궁극적으로 자본주의 사회에서 공간 기획과 생산의 주체가 되지 못하는 수많은 도시민들이 주체로 나설 수 있도록 도시권을 확보하는 운동일 수 밖에 없으며, 도시공간의 경제적 기능이 사회적 기능에 종속되기 위한 운동이 되어야 할 것이다. (신현방, 1장 중에서)

SNU Institute of East Asian Urban Research 서울대 SSK 동아시아 도시사업단

I have been part of this exciting research group since 2014 as part of the research project “Crisis and Transformation of East Asian Cities in the Age of Globalization” (In Korean: “세계화 시대 , 동아시아 도시의 위기와 전환”) funded by the Social Sciences Korea programme (2014-2017), National Research Foundation of Korea.

The project aims to “provide a more concrete understanding of Cold War developmental urbanization, the SSK Research Project on East Asian Cities attempts to explain the urbanization of South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and China in terms of three elements that define the character of East Asian urban­ization: compression, exceptionality, and risk.” To see a brief summary of the project in English, click here.

The team’s Korean web site has been revamped recently to include a fuller list of team members and what they do. Click here to visit the staff page and find out their profiles.

제가 2014년부터 함께 하고 있는 서울대 SSK 동아시아 도시사업단의 웹페이지가 새롭게 단장을 마치고, 특히 프로젝트 참여 연구원들의 프로필을 새롭게 추가하였습니다. 자세한 내용은 해당 웹페이지를 참조하세요. 동아시아 도시사업단은 “세계화 시대, 동아시아 도시의 위기와 전환”이라는 SSK 중형 프로젝트를 수행하고 있으며, 2014-2017년 기간 동안 이라는 주제로 ‘압축공간, 예외공간, 위험경관’ 세 주제에 대한 연구를 진행하고 있습니다.

SSK 동아시아  도시연구단

SSK 동아시아 도시연구단

“Planetary Gentrification” authors-meet-Critics session at RGS-IBG annual conference 2016

PlanetaryGentrification-CoverVisualI am very much looking forward to this ‘authors-meet-critics’ session at this year’s RGS-IBG annual conference, featuring my co-authored book Planetary Gentrification.

The session is to be convened and chaired by Professor Ronan Paddision (University of Glasglow), and sees the contributions from three critics, Professor David Ley (The University of British Columbia), Dr Andy Merrifield and Dr Kate Maclean (Birkbeck, University of London). All three authors are also going to be present (Ernesto via Skype connection).

The session is sponsored by the journal Urban Studies, and is followed by a drink reception in the Drayson Room from 18.45.

 

235 Authors meet critics: Planetary gentrification
Convenor(s) Ronan Paddison (University of Glasgow, UK)
Chair(s) Ronan Paddison (University of Glasgow, UK)
Timetable Thursday 01 September 2016, Session 4 (16:50 – 18:30)
Room RGS-IBG Ondaatje Theatre
Session abstract At the beginning of the C21st proclamations rang out that gentrification had gone global, this book critically evaluates that assumption. Drawing on the ‘new’ comparative urbanism and writings on planetary urbanization the book argues that gentrification is one of the most significant and socially unjust processes affecting cities world-wide today. Looking beyond the usual gentrification suspects in Euro-America, towards ‘non-Western cities’ in the Global South and East, the authors undertake a much needed transurban learning underpinned by a critical political economy approach. The book shows that gentrification has unfolded at a planetary scale, but it has not assumed a North to South or West to East trajectory, it is much more complex than that. Rich with empirical detail, yet wide-ranging, Planetary Gentrification unhinges, unsettles, and provincializes Western notions of urban development. The book is invaluable to urban scholars interested in the Future of Cities and the production of a truly global urban studies, and to all those committed to social justice in cities. Sponsored by Urban Studies

 

New publication: Introduction to a special issue on Latin American gentrifications

Finally, it’s with great pleasure to be able to announce the forthcoming special issue on Latin American gentrifications. This is part of the collective project that I have been working on with Loretta Lees and Ernesto López-Morales. Previous outputs included a co-edited volume Global Gentrifications: Uneven Development and Displacement, a co-authored monograph Planetary Gentrification, and a special issue from Urban Studies “Locating gentrification in the Global East“. The forthcoming special issue from the journal Urban Geography marks the conclusion of our project, and the following is the co-authored introduction to the special issue:

López-Morales, E., Shin, H.B. and Lees, L. (2016) Introduction: Latin American gentrifications. Urban Geography. DOI: 10.1080/02723638.2016.1200335
ABSTRACT
Currently, Latin American cities are seeing simultaneous processes of reinvestment and redevelopment in their historic central areas. These are not just mega-scale interventions like Porto Maravilha in Rio or Puerto Madero in Buenos Aires or the luxury renovations seen in Santa Fé or Nueva Polanco in Mexico City, they also include state-led, piecemeal, high-rise interventions in Santiago, Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro, Panamá and Bogotá, all of which are causing the displacement of original populations and thus are forms of gentrification. Until very recently, these processes have been under-conceptualized and little critiqued in Latin America, but they deserve careful scrutiny, along with new forms of neighbourhood organization, activism and resistance. In this introduction, we begin that task, drawing on the work begun in an Urban Studies Foundation-funded workshop on Global Gentrification held in Santiago, Chile in 2012. Our aim is not just to understand these urban changes and conflicts as gentrification, but to empirically test the applicability of a generic understanding of gentrification beyond the usual narratives of/from the global North. From this investigation, we hope to nurture new critical narratives, to engage sensitively with indigenous theoretical narratives and to understand the dialectical interplay between state policies, financial markets, local politics and people. The papers in this special issue deal with the core issues of state power and urban policies (exerted at metropolitan and neighbourhood scales), the enormous influx of financial investment in derelict neighbourhoods that produces exclusion and segregation, the significant loss of urban heritage from rapidly “renewing” neighbourhoods and the institutional arrangements that can enable anti-displacement activism and self-managed social housing production.

The rest of the papers in this special issue are as follows:

Republication of my Urban Spectacles paper in Alternative Sud

wp-1458993492863.jpg

arton4063I am pleased to see the printed version of a new special issue from Alternative Sud, a quarterly publication by CETRI based in Belgium. The special issue on Sport and Globalisation includes a reprinted paper of mine, “Spectacles urbains, méga-événements sportifs et inégalités en Chine”. This was originally published in the journal City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action (to view the original paper, please go to the journal web site or click here). Many thanks to the editorial team at Alternative Sud for bringing the papers together and thinking of me for inclusion in the special issue. Also thanks a lot to the management team at Routledge for kindly supporting the reprinting.

Abstract in French: En Chine, la promotion de grands spectacles urbains et de méga-événements sportifs repose sur un discours de « société harmonieuse ». La propagande nationaliste qui les accompagne vise à créer un sentiment d’unité et à apaiser le mécontentement sociopolitique provoqué par les inégalités, les tensions ethniques et la fracture entre les mondes urbain et rural. Une stratégie de déplacement des problèmes plutôt que de résolution de ceux-ci.

More details about the CETRI is as follows:

The Tricontinental Centre (CETRI), is a Non-Governmental Organisation founded in 1976 and based in Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium). CETRI is committed to study, publications and training in issues of development and North-South relations. Its main aim is to provide a transmission channel for the voices of the South and contribute to a critical examination of the dominant conceptions and practices of development in the era of neo-liberal globalisation. Emphasis is on understanding and discussing the role of social and political actors in the South in their struggle for social, political, cultural and ecological rights.

2nd Call for Papers for EARCAG in December 2016

Please see the message below from EARCAG conference secretariat. EARCAG stands for the East Asian Regional Conference in Alternative Geography, which brings together critical geographers around the world who work on the East Asian region. This time, the conference is to be held in Hong Kong in December 2016. I’m also planning to attend this, and it will be good to see more of my colleagues coming to Hong Kong.

===== forwarded message begins =====

-please circulate to those who may be interested, thank you; sorry for cross-posting-

The Department of Geography at Hong Kong Baptist University will organise the 8th meeting of the East Asian Regional Conference in Alternative Geography (EARCAG) on 6th-8th December 2016. EARCAG aims to establish an international network among alternative geographers in East Asia and to explore further perspectives to investigate local geographical issues in East Asia.

The main theme of this meeting is Radicalism in Theory and Practice. Attached please find the second call for papers. Please note that the deadline for abstract submissions is scheduled on 10th March 2016. Besides the themes of this conference, we welcome all sorts of relevant topics and area focuses.

To know more, please visit our homepage: http://geog.hkbu.edu.hk/earcag

Should you have any enquiries, please email us at earcag@hkbu.edu.hk

Best regards,
Conference Secretariat for
The 8th Meeting of East Asian Regional Conference in Alternative Geography

earcag@hkbu.edu.hk
http://geog.hkbu.edu.hk/earcag

P1220388-001

Hong Kong Island (Photographed by Hyun Bang Shin, 2010)

Invited talk at CKS SOAS | Developmental Urbanisation and the Genealogy of Urban Rights in South Korea

On 26 February 2016, I am giving an invited talk at the Centre of Korean Studies, SOAS. It will be interesting to present my on-going work in front of an audience that has primary interests in Korean affairs. More details about the talk can be found below. The Centre also hosts a number of interesting Korea-related seminars each year, so it’s worth bookmarking the page and check it out.


 

CENTRE OF KOREAN STUDIES

Developmental Urbanisation and the Genealogy of Urban Rights in South Korea

URL: https://www.soas.ac.uk/koreanstudies/events/seminars/26feb2016-developmental-urbanisation-and-the-genealogy-of-urban-rights-in-south-korea.html

Dr. Hyun Bang Shin

Date and Time: 26 February 2016, 5:15 – 7.00 PM

Venue: Brunei Gallery Room: B102

Type of Event: Seminar

Series: CKS Seminar Programme

Abstract

In this paper, I examine the case of urban protesters against forced eviction in Seoul from the 1960s, and discuss the evolving nature of rights claims that were put forward by protesters against urban redevelopment projects in times of condensed and highly speculative urbanisation in South Korea. I make use of the collection of protesters’ pamphlets compiled by an influential civic research organisation in Seoul, and of on- and off-line archives, photographic images of protests against eviction, and my own interviews with former and current housing activists and evictees in Seoul. By adopting a strategic-relational perspective that pays a particular attention to the struggles among socio-political actors, I aim to understand particular notions of urban rights adopted by protesters against eviction due to urban redevelopment projects, and scrutinise how their rights claims have evolved over time. Such an understanding is expected to shed light on enhancing our understanding on the question of displacement, urban rights, and urban social movements to bring about alternatives to speculative urbanisation in South Korea as well as other economies that share similar trajectories of urbanisation and accumulation.

Shin-2016-SOAS