Inter-Korea summit meeting and the peace process in the Korean peninsula #KoreaSummit #USNorthKorea

Upon the request of the LSE media team, I had a chance to elaborate on my own thoughts regarding the recent Inter-Korea summit meeting on 27 April, and also the role of the US. The series of videos were released on 30 April, and what I said then still seems to be relevant to the forthcoming North Korea-US summit meeting that is about to go ahead on 12 June. Here are the links to the interview clips:

LSE Thinks | Why have the leaders of North and South Korea started negotiations? https://youtu.be/J0eWPeeObZM

LSE Thinks | What has been the role of the US in peace negotiations between North and South Korea? https://youtu.be/8eQqxZ68oCw

Below is a written version of what I have tried to say in this series of video interviews.

  1. What has brought about this ‘renewed’ enthusiasm for negotiations between the two Koreas and the US?

It is important to understand how these negotiations have historically developed. The popular discourse seems to regard the current negotiation as very new. However, the two Koreas already had two summit meetings, once in 2000 between President Kim Dae-Jung and Kim Jeong-il, the father of the current leader of North Korea, and again in 2007 between President Roh Moo-hyun and Kim Jeong-il.

While peaceful negotiations were already in place more than a decade ago, the process stopped during the last ten years between 2008 and 2017 when the two successive conservative governments of South Korea were reluctant to promote inter-Korea cooperation and at times hostile towards peaceful engagement.

The candle light revolution in South Korea in 2016 and 2017, praised by the world as the example of democracy, has led to the change of government, led by President Moon Jae-in, a human rights lawyer turned politician. And, the new South Korean government has been committing to the peaceful engagement with North Korea, and to mediating the relationship between North Korea and the US.

It is also important to highlight the fact that the general population in South Korea has been largely in support of peaceful negotiation with North Korea to resolve the military confrontation. Surveys indicate that a large majority of the South Korean population supported talks with North Korea rather than military resolution. This was despite the missile threats from the north and the development of nuclear programmes. The South Korean government and President Moon Jae-in’s firm position for ‘no war on the peninsular’ was strongly supported by the public opinion.

  1. What will be the implications of the negotiations for the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula?

I think both Koreas are quite serious about the need of producing peaceful co-existence for the survival and development of North Korea. In particular, it is important to understand that the 2018 inter-Korea summit meeting took place within less than a year of South Korean president’s terms of office. And, he has another four years before his presidency comes to an end. There is ample momentum that can build up to produce positive outcomes. Denuclearisation is not just about demobilising North Korea’s nuclear programme. It is also about ending the military confrontation between South and North Koreas, who are technically at war, only suspended by the armistice signed in 1953 between North Korea and the United Nations force led by the US. Ending the war and signing a peace treaty has been the stated aim of both Korean governments, and I think there is a very good chance this is going to happen, now that all regional powers are expected to agree to this transition.

  1. What will be the implications of the negotiations for the people in the peninsula and the economy of the Korean peninsula?

All regional economies, and by extension the global economy, will definitely gain a lot from the anticipated transition from armistice to peace treaty. At the moment, nearly two million armed soldiers are confronting each other on the peninsular as of now, excluding the US force stationed in South Korea. The regional insecurity and uncertainty will reduce substantially, triggering more investment to arrive in the peninsula. South Korea has been struggling to create a new momentum for economic development, and the opening of the North Korean economy will provide the new avenue of economic growth. North Korea would emerge as an attractive destination for global investors.

It is also not just about the investment. There will be additional resources to be secured by reduced military spending. According to the World Bank data, in 2016, South Korea’s military expenditure amounted to 2.6% of its GDP, higher than the average for the world (2.2%) or for East Asia and the Pacific region (1.7%). This is equivalent to 10.4% of the South Korean central government expenditure (World, 8.1%). We do not have data for North Korea, but the ratio would certainly be much higher. Imagine the reduction of military spending that can be released for investment in social and physical infrastructure.

Obviously, there is much to learn from the neighbouring country, China, and from former East Germany, in terms of how to transform a planned economy into a market economy. The key concern is more about how the North Korean economic reform would proceed without widening social discrimination, economic injustice and regional inequalities. Overcoming the political and ideological differences is another big challenge. A peace treaty would provide time and space for this challenging process to be initiated.

Short essay: The Geographies of Gentrification in East Asia, contributed to the IIAS Newsletter Vol.79, 2018

The International Institute for Asian Studies based in Leiden, the Netherlands, publishes The Newsletter three times a year to report on current affairs in Asia and connect academics with wider audience. The news from Northeast Asia in the Spring 2018 edition covers gentrification in East Asian cities, and features four pieces as below. My piece provided an overview of the geographies of gentrification in the region, while three other pieces contributed by Yoshihiro Fujitsuka, Seon Young Lee and Qinran Yang discuss each country case. It was pleasure to work with the section editor, Ilhong Ko, to put the contributors together to make this happen.

News from Northeast Asia, The Newsletter Vol.79, Spring 2018
(direct link: https://iias.asia/the-newsletter/article/news-northeast-asia-nl79)

Editorial: Gentrification in East Asian cities by Ilhong Ko
Read more

The geographies of gentrification in East Asia by Hyun Bang Shin
Read more

Deregulation policy and gentrification in Chuo Ward, Tokyo by Yoshihiro Fujitsuka
Read more

Resisting gentrification in South Korea by Seon Young Lee
Read more

State, global urbanism, and gentrification in Chengdu by Qinran Yang
Read more

New chapter: “Studying global gentrifications”

Happy to see the publication of my chapter, “Studying Global Gentrifications”, invited for inclusion in this new volume edited by John Harrison and Michael Hoyler.

Click here to download the Word version of the chapter

This chapter builds on my ongoing enquiries into the planetary rise of gentrification and variegated geographies of gentrification (and therefore, gentrifications in plural rather than Gentrification with a capital ‘G’). The volume includes many other interesting chapters, so worth taking a look. For more details of the book, see here: https://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/doing-global-urban-research/book252261

For citation: Shin, H.B. (2018) Studying global gentrifications, in: J. Harrison and M. Hoyler (eds.), Doing Global Urban Research. London: Sage, pp. 138-152.

In this chapter, I discuss some of the salient issues that are at the centre of planetary thinking of gentrification, examining how the inclusion of the urbanization experiences of non-usual suspects in the Global South helps us expand our horizon of gentrification research and reinterpret what has been learnt from the Global North. First, the chapter discusses how our understanding of displacement needs to actively take into consideration the temporality, spatial relations and subjectivity. Second, the chapter ascertains the importance of locating gentrification in broader urban processes and also in the context of uneven development. Third, the chapter argues that gentrification is to be treated as a political and ideological project of the state and the ruling class in addition to it being an economic project. The concluding section sums up the arguments and provides some reflections on what it means to do comparative research on global gentrifications from a planetary perspective.

 

New @CITYanalysis Special Feature on The Urban Process under Planetary Accumulation by Dispossession

Happy to see the new @CITYanalysis (Vol 22, No 1) special feature on The #Urban Process under #Planetary #Accumulation by #Dispossession, which I guest edited with Louis Moreno (Goldsmiths, University of London). Direct link to the issue here: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/ccit20/22/1?nav=tocList

The special feature has a wonderful collection of contributors, who are Alex Loftus (on Planetary Concerns), Matthew Gandy (on Cities in Deep Time: Bio-diversity, metabolic rift, and the urban question), Nasser Abourahme (on Of Monsters and Boomerangs: Colonial returns in the late liberal city), Ilse Helbrecht and Francesca Weber-Newth (on Recovering the Politics of Planning: Developer contributions and the contemporary housing question), Elvin K. Wyly and Jatinder K. Dhillon (on Planetary Kantsaywhere: Cognitive capitalist universities and accumulation by cognitive dispossession), and Louis Moreno (on Always Crashing in the Same City: Real estate, psychic capital and planetary desire).

The introduction to the special feature is available open access and can be accessed here: https://doi.org/10.1080/13604813.2018.1442067

The special feature introduced herein benefits from the discussions held during the double sessions on The Urban Process under Planetary Accumulation by Dispossession at the 2016 annual conference of the American Association of Geographers in San Francisco.

Urban Studies journal launches a new initiative, Editors’ Featured Articles

Earlier this month, the Urban Studies journal has announced the introduction of a new initiative called Editor’s Featured Articles (https://www.urbanstudiesonline.com/editors-featured-articles/). According to the journal, the new initiative:

makes popular and significant articles that have been recently published available on an open access basis. In addition, selective papers that are not yet in print but connect with the subject matter of these articles in interesting ways will also be available on an open access basis via the website. Featured articles will be updated every quarter.

For this launch, six papers were selected as featured articles. Two of them are on gentrification in Seoul, and one of them is my own paper (with Soo-hyun Kim) entitled The Developmental State, Speculative Urbanisation and the Politics of Displacement in Gentrifying Seoul

Very pleased to have this paper included in this new initiative.

Social Justice and the City – the latest issue of the Annals AAG

The latest issue of the Annals of the American Association of Geographers is a collection of papers addressing the theme of “Social Justice and the City”. It has a wonderful set of contributions that have global coverage, including cases that range from Singapore, Hong Kong and Seoul, Bucharest to London, St.Louis, Chicago and Esmeraldas in Ecuador. Altogether, 26 papers, including my own (see below), are included in this special issue, addressing those themes that require urgent attention by critical scholars. Following is an excerpt from the editorial introduction led by Nik Heynen who was instrumental to the production of this special issue:

Myriad questions related to social justice have shaped urban geographic scholarship, among which two things remain clear: geographers maintain fidelity to the idea that the discipline should keep working to understand unjust processes within urban life and simultaneously seek solutions to make cities more just. Beyond this, few geographers today would come to the same set of defining characteristics of what a just city would look like, or agree on the right questions to ask toward its realization. What the concept of social justice lacks in terms of facilitating intellectual and political consensus, it makes up for in centering heterodox efforts at generating relevant theory and practice that can change the social circumstances of people living in cities, regardless of how these terms are defined.

It is out of these enduring commitments, demands, and possibilities that the theme of this special issue emerged: Social Justice and the City.

It is my pleasure to have made a contribution to this issue, which is entitled “Urban Movements and the Genealogy of Urban Rights Discourses: The Case of Urban Protesters against Redevelopment and Displacement in Seoul, South Korea”. It traces the evolution of the urban rights discourses in Seoul, situating them in the rich history of South Korea’s urban social movements and democratisation, and appreciates the contributions made by the alliance of urban displacees and social movement groups in the midst of fighting speculative urbanisation. Up to 50 copies can be downloaded by clicking this link*: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/8bhBgem76MQecpe3KbQC/full

Below is an abstract of my own paper for your information:

Despite significant contributions made to progressive urban politics, contemporary debates on cities and social justice are in need of adequately capturing the local historical and sociopolitical processes of how people have come to perceive the concept of rights in their struggles against the hegemonic establishments. These limitations act as constraints on overcoming hegemony imposed by the ruling class on subordinate classes and restrict a contextual understanding of such concepts as the right to the city in non-Western contexts, undermining the potential to produce locally tuned alternative strategies to build progressive and just cities. In this regard, this article discusses the evolving nature of urban rights discourses that were produced by urban protesters fighting redevelopment and displacement, paying particular attention to the experiences in Seoul that epitomized speculative urban accumulation under the (neoliberalizing) developmental state. Method-wise, the article makes use of archival records (protesters’ pamphlets and newsletters), photographs, and field research archives. The data are supplemented by the author’s in-depth interviews with former and current housing activists. The article argues that the urban poor have the capacity to challenge the state repression and hegemony of the ruling class ideology; that the urban movements such as the evictees’ struggles against redevelopment are to be placed in the broader contexts of social movements; that concepts such as the right to the city are to be understood against the rich history of place-specific evolution of urban rights discourses; and that cross-class alliance is key to sustaining urban movements.

Figure 3. Protesters in 1991 demanding the right to housing, Seoul. Source: The Kyunghyang Shinmun (Park, Yong-Su), provided by the Korea Democracy Foundation (http://archives.kdemo.or.kr/)

Uneven development of housing and real price increase in South Korea

“The Economist house-price indices”
https://www.economist.com/…/graphicd…/2018/02/daily-chart-5…

The Economist has provided interesting visualisation of housing price index for 27 economies and 20 cities in the US. They have correctly identified that “FINANCIAL media focus most of their attention on stocks and bonds, but the world’s biggest asset class is actually residential property. With an estimated value of about $200trn, homes are collectively worth about three times as much as all publicly traded stocks.” Property wealth is what underpins most people’s prospect of well-being.

According to the data, Britain has seen a 211% real price increase of real estate between 1986 and 2017. I assume this is the national average, and London would have experienced a much higher increase. In South Korea, 30% increase in real price terms between 2000 and 2017, but 0% increase between 2009 and 2017. After the 2008-9 global financial crisis, it may be hypothesised that South Korea has experienced a greater degree of uneven development of housing market, which concentrates on Seoul and other major metropolises.

The Economist 데이터 시각화 정보에 따르면, 한국의 부동산 가격이 일단 2000년도에 비하면 2017년 4분기 현재 무척 (30%) 오른 것으로 나온다. 2009년에 비해서는 0%. 이는 전국 평균 가격일 가능성이 높으니, 불균등 발전에 따라 서울과 지방의 차이, 또는 대도시와 군소도시의 차이 등을 볼 수는 없는 데이터인 듯. 오히려 2008년 금융위기 이후 전국적으로 불균등 발전이 더욱 심화되었으며, 이것이 0%로 수렴되었다고 봐야 하지 않을까 싶다. 부동산 가격에 대한 체감지수, 언론의 관심은 대부분 수도권, 특히 서울을 대상으로 할 때, 위의 데이터에 근거해서 그다지 오르지 않았다고 결론을 내리는 것은 서울과 대도시의 특수성을 간과하게 되는 듯 해서 서울/대도시 중심의 부동산 이데올로기를 더욱 공고히 하는데 기여할 듯 싶다.

반면 영국은 2000년 대비 82% 실질가격 상승으로 나타나는데, 1986년과 비교해 보면 실질가격 기준 211% 상승한 것으로 나타난다. 런던 가격을 따져 보면 이보다 훨씬 더 많이 상승했을 것이라 생각한다.

From The Economist (2018)

CFP: 9th East Asian Regional Conference in Alternative Geography (EARCAG), 10-13 Dec. 2018, Daegu, South Korea

Please find attached a copy of the Call for Papers for the 9th EARCAG conference in Daegu, South Korea, taking place between 10 and 13 December 2018.

The first EARCAG event was in Daegu in January 1999, and the December 2018 gathering in Daegu is going to be a 20th anniversary return to the place where it all started.

The deadline of abstract submissions and organised session submission is 28 Feb 2018. Submission e-mail: earcag.9th.korea@gmail.com*

  • Deadline extended to 31 March 2018

The full CFP and event description is as follows:


Call for Papers for the 9th East Asian Regional Conference in Alternative Geography (EARCAG)

For Spatial Justice: Rethinking Socio-spatial Issues from East Asian Perspectives

Date: 10 (Mon) – 13 (Thurs) December, 2018

Venue: Daegu University (10 December) and Daegu Exco (11-13December), South Korea

Organizer: Korean Association of Space and Environment Research (KASER), Seoul National University Centre for Asian Cities (SNU CAC)

Supporting Institutions: Daegu University, SNU CAC, KASER, Daegu city government

Local Organizing Committee: Byung-Doo Choi (Daegu University), Jintae Hwang (Seoul National University), Hyunjoo Jung (Seoul National University), Sanghun Lee (Hanshin University), Young A Lee (Daegu University), Bae-Gyoon Park (Seoul National University), In Kwon Park (University of Seoul), Se Hoon Park (Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements), HaeRan Shin (Seoul National University), Byeongsun Jeong (Seoul Institute)

EARCAG Steering Committee: Byung-Doo Choi (Daegu University, South Korea), Bae-Gyoon Park (Seoul National University, South Korea), Amriah Buang (Malaysia), Jim Glassman (University of British Columbia, Canada), Chu-joe Hsia (Nanjing University, China), Jinn-yuh Hsu (National Taiwan University, Taiwan), Fujio Mizuoka (Hitotsubashi University, Japan), Toshio Mizuuchi (Osaka City University, Japan), Wing-Shing Tang (Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong)

The issue of ‘spatial justice’ appears again. In the first East Asian Regional Conference in Alternative Geography held in January 1999 in Gyeongju and Daegu South Korea, the main concern was spatial justice. The theme of the conference was ‘Socio-Spatial Issues for East Asian Countries in the 21st century,’ and twenty scholars assembled to discuss those issues. Since then, a growing number of scholars within the network have witnessed increasing precarity and complexity in producing and constituting inequalities and injustices in East Asian society. Out of necessity and concern, they have explored critical interpretations of socio-spatial issues from East Asian perspectives.

Twenty years after the first conference in the same location, we now propose rethinking socio-spatial issues from East Asian perspectives in the hopes of promoting spatial justice. The East Asian perspectives refer to the awareness and understanding of the intertwined relations between the East Asian context and the nature of the methods in which spatial dynamics are organized and constituted.

The aim of EARCAG is to provide a platform for critical geographers and other social scientists to debate social and spatial issues in East Asia. Critical Social scientists have observed increasing complexities, interdependence and inequalities in the development of capitalism and geopolitics over the world. The tradition of strong nation-states and the geopolitical tension particularly in East Asia have produced convergent social and spatial concerns. What are the socio-spatial issues that challenge spatial justice especially in the East Asian region? How are the issues approached in relation to Asian capitalism, politics, and the affects thereof?

Potential session topics include but are not limited to:

  • Embedded developmentalism and spatial justice in post-developmental-state society; post-territorial dynamics of spatial justice
  • Right to the cities and urban commons
  • Geography of precarity; increasing precarity and the precariat’s spatial dynamics and precarious spaces
  • Gender, Space and Justice; Gendered migration within and from East Asia
  • Alternative spaces for spatial justice; critical geopolitics for spatial justice
  • Mobilities as threats to and possibilities for spatial justice; Mobilities promoted and mobilized under the post-developmental state
  • Challenge of climate change and risk governance in East Asia
  • Environmental justice; critical geography for nature and the environment
  • Technology development and spatial justice in a smart era
  • Urban alienation and just city in East Asia
  • Uneven regional development and spatial justice
  • Equity issues in cities and regions under Neo-liberalism; Planning and policy issues for social justice from East Asian perspective

The Keynote Speakers

TBA

Submission of Abstracts

If you are interested in participating in this conference, please send an abstract, no more than 500 words, to earcag.9th.korea@gmail.com by 28 February, 2018. The organizing committee will review the abstracts and contact you with the result by 30 April, 2018.

Organised Sessions

If you plan to organise a session, please send the title and description of the session and your papers in it to earcag.9th.korea@gmail.com by 28 February, 2018

Registration Fee

  • Participants from the OECD member countries, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong Kong (US$150 (faculty), US$70 (students))
  • Participants elsewhere (US$70 (faculty), US$35 (students))

Accommodation

Hotel Inter-Burgo Exco (http://eng.hotel-interburgo-daegu.com/)

Please direct any inquires to Young A Lee or HaeRan Shin at earcag.9th.korea@gmail.com

<작은것이 아름답다> 2017년 12월호 기고글: “어떻게 덜 소유하고 함께 정주할 것인가”. A new essay entitled “Owning less and sharing together to co-habit”

I was invited to contribute an essay to a monthly magazine in South Korea, as part of its theme on ‘apartment forest 1980-2017’, which was to reflect on the urban forms resulted from Korea’s condensed urbanisation and vertical urbanism/accumulation (for vertical accumulation, see my own essay here). The essay was entitled “Owning less and sharing together to co-habit“.

<작은것이 아름답다> 255호 특집 [아파트숲 보고서 1980-2017] (http://jaga.or.kr/?p=10612&ckattempt=1) 에 기고했던 “어떻게 덜 소유하고 함께 정주할 것인가”를 공유합니다. @jaga_green@PRESSIAN_news가 기사공유를 하고 있어서 덕분에 기고문 원문을 나눌 수 있게 되었네요. 프레시안에서 편집하면서 원제목을 부제로 바꾸었습니다.

http://www.pressian.com/news/article.html?no=180427 

세상에 ‘좋은 젠트리피케이션’은 없다

우리 사회는 철저하게 소유자 중심 사회다. 도시 주거공간의 변화가 오로지 소유자 이익을 위해 일방통행으로 이뤄지는 탓에 주민들의 오랜 정주성이 파괴된다. 도시 공간 변화가 사회구성원의 평화롭고 평등한 공존을 애초 어렵게 만든다. 어떻게 공존의 가치를 앞세우고 덜 소유하며 함께 정주할 것인가. 정주성을 빼앗는 소유자 중심 일방통행 최근 빈민지역운…

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New article: Urban Movements and the Genealogy of Urban Rights Discourses in South Korea

My article on the genealogy of urban rights discourses in Korea has finally been published by the Annals of the American Association of Geographers. This has been a product of what I have been working on in recent years, especially between 2011 and 2015, and aims to interpret the long history of urban movements in Korea against the back drop of the political economy of speculative urbanisation.

도시운동과 도시 권리 담론의 역사를 다룬 새 논문이 미국지리학회지에서 출간되었습니다. 2011-2015년 사이 한국을 다니며 수행했던 인터뷰와 문헌조사 등을 토대로 투기적 도시화의 정치경제학 측면에서 한국 도시운동의 역사를 분석하고 앞으로의 방향을 모색해보고자 했습니다.

Shin, Hyun Bang (2017): Urban Movements and the Genealogy of Urban Rights Discourses: The Case of Urban Protesters against Redevelopment and Displacement in Seoul, South Korea, Annals of the American Association of Geographers, DOI: 10.1080/24694452.2017.1392844
http://www.tandfonline.com/…/…/10.1080/24694452.2017.1392844

Abstract:

Despite significant contributions made to progressive urban politics, contemporary debates on cities and social justice are in need of adequately capturing the local historical and sociopolitical processes of how people have come to perceive the concept of rights in their struggles against the hegemonic establishments. These limitations act as constraints on overcoming hegemony imposed by the ruling class on subordinate classes and restrict a contextual understanding of such concepts as the right to the city in non-Western contexts, undermining the potential to produce locally tuned alternative strategies to build progressive and just cities. In this regard, this article discusses the evolving nature of urban rights discourses that were produced by urban protesters fighting redevelopment and displacement, paying particular attention to the experiences in Seoul that epitomized speculative urban accumulation under the (neoliberalizing) developmental state. Method-wise, the article makes use of archival records (protesters’ pamphlets and newsletters), photographs, and field research archives. The data are supplemented by the author’s in-depth interviews with former and current housing activists. The article argues that the urban poor have the capacity to challenge the state repression and hegemony of the ruling class ideology; that the urban movements such as the evictees’ struggles against redevelopment are to be placed in the broader contexts of social movements; that concepts such as the right to the city are to be understood against the rich history of place-specific evolution of urban rights discourses; and that cross-class alliance is key to sustaining urban movements.

尽管当代有关城市与社会正义的辩论, 已对激进的城市政治做出显着的贡献, 但仍需充份捕捉人们在与霸权形构的斗争中, 如何理解权益的概念之在地历史与社会过程。这些限制, 成为克服统治阶级对从属阶级施加的霸权之限囿, 并限缩了对非西方城市脉络中的城市权概念的脉络性理解, 且有损生产建立激进与正义城市的在地化另类策略之潜能。因此, 本文探讨由对抗再发展和迫迁的城市抗争者转变中的城市权论述, 并特别关注首尔——一个象徵着在 (新自由主义化的) 发展形国家中的投机性城市积累之地。研究方法上, 本文运用档案纪录 (抗争者的宣传手册和通讯) 、照片与田野研究档案。这些数据, 由作者对于先前与当下的居住倡议者所进行的深度访谈补充之。本文主张, 城市中的穷人, 具有挑战国家压迫和统治阶级意识形态霸权的能力; 诸如被驱逐者反抗再发展的斗争之城市运动, 必须被置放在更广泛的社会运动脉络中; 诸如城市权的概念, 必须相对于城市权论述在特定地方的丰富演变历史进行理解; 跨阶级的结盟, 则是维系城市运动的关键。

Pese a las contribuciones significativas que se aportan a la política urbana progresista, los debates contemporáneos sobre las ciudades y la justicia social claman porque se involucren también los procesos locales históricos y sociopolíticos acerca de cómo ha llegado la gente a percibir el concepto de los derechos en su lucha contra los establecimientos hegemónicos. Estas limitaciones actúan como obstáculos para vencer la hegemonía impuesta por la clase dominantes sobre las subordinadas, y restringen un entendimiento contextual de conceptos como el del derecho a la ciudad en contextos no occidentales, debilitando el potencial de producir estrategias alternativas localmente afinadas para construir ciudades progresistas y justas. A este respecto, este artículo discute la naturaleza evolutiva de los discursos sobre derechos urbanos que se originaron desde acciones de manifestantes urbanos contra el redesarrollo y el desplazamiento, prestando particular atención a las experiencias de Seúl que encarnaron la acumulación especulativa urbana bajo un estado desarrollista (neoliberalizador). En términos de método, el artículo hace uso de registros de archivo (panfletos de los manifestantes y boletines informativos), fotografías y archivos de investigación de campo. Esos datos fueron suplementados con entrevistas a profundidad del autor con activistas enfrentados al problema de vivienda, anteriores y actuales. El artículo arguye que los pobres urbanos están en capacidad de desafiar la represión estatal y la hegemonía ideológica de la clase dominante; que movimientos urbanos tales como las luchas de los desahuciados contra el redesarrollo deben ser ubicados dentro del más amplio contexto de los movimientos sociales; que conceptos por el estilo del derecho a la ciudad deben entenderse contra la rica historia de la evolución específicamente relacionada con lugar en los discursos sobe derechos urbanos; y que la alianza entre clases es clave para mantener los movimientos urbanos.

Key Words: displacementrights discoursesSeoulurban movementsurban protests

关键词:: 迫迁, 权益论述, 首尔, 城市运动, 城市抗议。

Palabras clave: desplazamiento, discursos sobre derechos, Seúl, movimientos urbanos, protestas urbanas